Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Launched in December 2015, Belitung Nursing Journal (BNJ) is a refereed international publication that provides a venue for nursing scholarship with an Asian focus and perspectives from the region. We aim to highlight research on nursing science, nursing management and policy, education and practice in the Asia-Pacific region and among Asian communities around the world to a wide international audience.

BNJ welcomes submissions of original research, review article, concept analysis, perspectives, letter to editors, research methodology papers, case studies, and guest editorial on a variety of clinical and professional topics.

The majority of papers in BNJ are written by nurses and midwives but there are no constraints on authorship as long as papers fit with the expressed aims and scope. BNJ‘s intended readership includes practising nurses and midwives in all spheres and at all levels who are committed to advancing practice and professional development on the basis of new knowledge and evidence; managers and senior members of the nursing and midwifery professions; nurse educators and nursing students; and researchers in other disciplines with interest in common issues and inter-disciplinary collaboration.

BNJ is an official publication of Department of Publication of Belitung Raya Foundation in Belitung Indonesia, jointly with Indonesian National Nurses Association of Belitung Indonesia (PPNI Belitung) and Prodi D3 Keperawatan Belitung Poltekkes Kemenkes RI Pangkal Pinang.

Belitung Raya Foundation is a non-profit organization which focuses on education, health, information technology, and social and empowerment of the community. Belitung Raya Foundation is established since 2015 with official license of establishment from the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights of Republic of Indonesia (MENKUMHAM RI) with No: AHU-0009599.AH.01.12.Year 2015 and Notarial Deed No: 12 on 06 July 2015 by SRI ARIYAWATI, SH.,M.KN.

BNJ has been accredited by the Ministry of Science, Research, Technology and Higher Education of Indonesia (RISTEKDIKTI RI) with No: 10/3/KPT/2019, valid until 2024 (SINTA grade 3).

BNJ is indexed in Ovid EMCare (Elsevier), DOAJ, SINTA, Google Scholar, Garuda, ROAD, JournalTOCs, and WorldCat.

KEYWORDS

Belitung Nursing Journal, Belitung Raya Foundation, Academy of Nursing of Belitung, Indonesian National Nurses Association, Nursing Management, Nursing Administration, Quality of Care, Adult Nursing, Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Community Nursing, Geriatric Nursing, Pediatric Nursing, Nursing Education, Public Health, Information Technology, Traditional Medicine, Interprofesional Education and Collaboration, Health Care System, Management Practice, Health Behavior.

 

Section Policies

Editorial

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Guest Editorial

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Review Article

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Concept Analysis

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Original Research Article

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Original Research: Research Methodology Paper

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Study Protocol

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Perspective

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Letter to Editors

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Case Study

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Erratum

Checked Open Submissions Unchecked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Corrigendum

Checked Open Submissions Unchecked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed
 

Peer Review Process

This journal operates a double blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final. 

Double-blind review

This journal uses double-blind review, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa. To facilitate this, please include the following separately:
Title page (with author details): This should include the title, authors' names, affiliations, acknowledgements and any Declaration of Interest statement, and a complete address for the corresponding author including an e-mail address.
Blinded manuscript (no author details): The main body of the paper (including the references, figures, tables and any acknowledgements) should not include any identifying information, such as the authors' names or affiliations.

Peer Review Process

As a reviewer, you will be notified by e-mail of an invitation to review a journal article. The e-mail will come embedded with hyperlink invitation responses.

Clicking the appropriate hyperlink sends the response to the journal's editorial office whether you are able to review or not. In all cases, reviewers will be asked to declare any conflict of interest based on the contents of the manuscript.

In conducting the review, reviewers are presented with review forms according to type of articles. 

After a manuscript is submitted, it is reviewed by a receiving editor of the Editorial Board. If the manuscript passes the first editorial review, it is sent to external reviewers for double-blind peer review. For editorials and letters to editors, the decision is made in the first editorial review. In all cases, reviewers will be asked to declare any conflict of interest based on the contents of the manuscript. If a conflict of interest exists, the reviewers are requested to decline to review the manuscript.

If the reviewer accepts the offer to review the manuscript, they can download complete manuscript and fill a Manuscript Review Form. The reviewers are needed to provide an objective critical assessment of the manuscript about the concept of the study, relevance in relation to current scientific knowledge, scientific content, language, and grammar. If the manuscript needs changes for improvement before it is accepted for publication, please make the suggestions on how to improve it. If the comments are negative please help the authors in improving their manuscript by explaining weaknesses in scientific content or language. Any offensive language in the comments cannot be tolerated. 

Each editor is required to take a decision about the acceptance or rejection of the manuscript. However, the final decision is made by the editors. The decision includes:

  1. Accept Submission: it is ready to go to Copyediting as is.
  2. Revisions Required: it requires minor changes that can be reviewed and accepted by the editor.
  3. Resubmit for Review: it requires major changes and another round of peer review.
  4. Resubmit Elsewhere: it doesn’t seem like a good fit for the focus and scope of this journal.
  5. Decline or Reject Submission: it has too many weakness to ever be accepted.

Manuscripts accepted for publication are copy edited for punctuation, print style, and format. The authors are responsible for English grammar check of their manuscript. The corresponding author is expected to return the corrected proofs within three or seven days. Page proofs are sent to the corresponding author. The corresponding author is expected to return the corrected proofs within three  days. It may not be possible to incorporate corrections received after that period. The whole process of submission of the manuscript to final decision and sending and receiving proofs is completed online.

 

Publication Frequency

BNJ publishes one volume per year with six issues per volume. The six issues are published on February, April, June, August, October, and December each year.

 

Open Access Policy

All research articles published in BNJ are fully open access: immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY) which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

What is Open Access?

"By 'open access' to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself."

The Budapest Open Access Initiative »

BNJ publishes all of our journals using a Gold Open Access model. Publication is funded by a fee paid at the time of acceptance, usually by an author’s institution or funder. Author(s) retain copyright of their work, with articles licensed to BNJ. The vast majority of BNJ articles use the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY).

Open Access provides a sustainable funding model for scientific communications while ensuring the widest possible access to research. Open Access makes research available to new audiences, readers without the funds or institutional support to cover expensive subscriptions. Open Access allows readers to use articles and data in new ways, including practices like meta-analysis and text mining, which reveal trends in science that would not be obvious at the level of individual articles. Ultimately, Open Access accelerates the pace of research by removing barriers to collaboration.

Permission Requests

For the vast majority of articles in BNJ, you do not need to seek permission from BNJ for reuse. The copyright of most articles remains with the authors, who have chosen to make the articles available for reuse under an open license, such as the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY). These licenses permit reuse and adaptation, as long as the original authors are cited. 

 

Archiving

This journal is included in the Public Knowledge Project Private LOCKSS Network (PKP PLN),  a distributed archiving system that creates permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More about LOCKSS and the PKP PLN.

 

Publication Ethics & Malpractice Statement

BNJ is a supporter of the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, issued by the International Committee for Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) code of conduct for editors. Our guidelines should be read in conjunction with this broader guidance. The ICJME requirements can be found at http://www.icmje.org/ and the COPE's guidelines at http://publicationethics.org.

The work to be described in your article must have been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association for experiments involving humans (Declaration of Helsinki) and research on health databases (Declaration of Taipei) https://www.wma.net/what-we-do/medical-ethics/.

 

REPORTING GUIDELINES

The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline. 

Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

 

ROLES OF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

The Editor-in-chief sets the content’s tone and editorial direction while also maintaining internal policies for all publications. She acts as a quality control manager by making sure that every issue consistently follows established measures. She has budgeting, strategic planning and PR duties. Editor-in-Chief and Managing Editor (in conjunction with the publisher and/or society) will take responsive measures when ethical concerns are raised with regard to a submitted manuscript or published paper. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior will be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication. 

 

ROLES OF MANAGING EDITOR

The managing editor is the front line supervisor who oversees the day-to-day operations of Belitung Nursing Journal. He normally reports to the editor-in-chief. The Managing Editor guides the development, policies, standards and editorial scope of Belitung Nursing Journal. The Managing Editor oversees the entire review, editing and publishing process. In the editorial process, the Managing Editor assigns Associate Editors to see through submission review and submission editing. The Managing Editor keeps an eye on the submission's progress and assists with any difficulties. Once review is completed, the Managing Editor typically sees the submission through the Editing process (including copyediting, layout editing, and proofreading). The Managing Editor also creates the journal issues, schedules submission for publication, arranges the Table of Contents, and publishes the issue as part of the publishing process.  The Managing Editor can restore archived submissions to the active In Review or In Editing lists. Another portion of the managing editor’s job involves hiring, training and supervising assistant and associate editors. The Managing Editor, with Associate Editors, are responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the journal will be published. The Managing Editor will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decision will be based on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the journal's scope. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism should also be considered.

 

ROLES OF EDITORIAL ADVISORY PANEL

The Editorial Advisory Panel provides input to the in-house editorial team on matters of journal strategy.

 

ROLES OF ASSOCIATE EDITOR

The Associate Editor manages the review and editing of submissions to which they have been assigned. In some cases, an Associate Editor who is assigned to see submissions through the Review Process will also be responsible for seeing the submissions that are accepted through the Editing process (that is, through copyediting, layout editing, and proofreading). Often, however, Associate Editors only work with the review process, and Managing Editor, acting in the role of Associate Editor, sees the submissions through the Editing process. 

 

All EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS’ RESPONSIBILITIES

Confidentiality

All editorial board members must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All editorial board members will not use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes without the authors’ explicit written consent. Privileged information or ideas obtained by editors as a result of handling the manuscript will be kept confidential and not used for their personal advantage. Editors will recuse themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the papers; instead, they will ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript.

All board members act as ambassadors for the journal and assist the in-house editorial team in an advisory capacity as and when required.

 

REVIEWERS' RESPONSIBILITIES

Confidentiality

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Contribution to editorial decisions

The peer-reviewing process assists the editor and the editorial board in making editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper.

Promptness

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.

Standards of objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively and observations formulated clearly with supporting arguments so that authors can use them for improving the manuscript. Personal criticism of the authors is inappropriate.

Acknowledgement of sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that is an observation, derivation or argument that has been reported in previous publications should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also notify the editors of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other manuscript (published or unpublished) of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

 

AUTHORS' DUTIES

Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources

Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited.

Reporting standards

Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Data access and retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the manuscript for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least 10 years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data centre), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal or primary publication. Hence, authors should not submit for consideration a manuscript that has already been published in another journal. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behaviour and unacceptable. The publication of some kinds of articles (such as clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided that certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.

Authorship of the manuscript

Only persons who meet these authorship criteria should be listed as authors in the manuscript as they must be able to take public responsibility for the content: (i) made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, data acquisition, or analysis/interpretation of the study; and (ii) drafted the manuscript or revised it critically for important intellectual content; and (iii) have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication. All persons who made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript (such as technical help, writing and editing assistance, general support) but who do not meet the criteria for authorship must not be listed as an author, but should be acknowledged in the "Acknowledgements" section after their written permission to be named as been obtained. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate coauthors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate coauthors are included in the author list and verify that all coauthors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.

Hazards and human or animal subjects

If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the authors must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animals or human participants, the authors should ensure that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them; the manuscript should contain a statement to this effect. Authors should also include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human participants. The privacy rights of human participants must always be observed.

Peer review

Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and cooperate fully by responding promptly to editors’ requests for raw data, clarifications, and proof of ethics approval, patient consents and copyright permissions. In the case of a first decision of "revisions required", authors should respond to the reviewers’ comments systematically, point by point, and in a timely manner, revising and re-submitting their manuscript to the journal by the deadline given.


DUTIES OF THE PUBLISHER

Handling of unethical publishing behaviour

In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum, clarification or, in the most severe case, the retraction of the affected work.  The publisher, together with the editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.

Access to journal content

The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations and maintaining our own digital archive.


ROLES OF JOURNAL MANAGER 

The Journal Manager is responsible for all production-related matters and ensures articles are typeset, corrected, and published in a timely fashion, as well as provides you with support throughout the production process. The Journal Manager also enrolls the Editors, Associate Editors, Copyeditors, Layout Editors, Proofreaders, Authors, and Reviewers. He also has access to the journal's other management features, and can create new sections for the journal, set up review forms, edit the default emails, manage the reading tools, view statistics and reports.  

 

ROLES OF TECHNICAL MANAGER

The Technical Manager is responsible for setting up the journal web site, configuring the system options, and managing the user accounts. This does not involve any advanced technical skills, but entails filling out web-based forms and uploading files.

 

Article Correction, Retraction, and Withdrawal Policy

BNJ operates the following policy for making corrections to the print and online versions of their peer-reviewed content.

Publishable amendments that affect the publication record and/or the scientific accuracy of published information receive a DOI and are published in print and online in the journal. Four categories of amendments are relevant for peer-reviewed material: Erratum or Publisher Correction, Corrigendum or Author Correction, Retraction or Addendum. All four correction types are bi-directionally linked to the original published paper. Detailed information on each amendment category follows below.

Erratum or Publisher Correction

Notification of an important error made by the journal that affects the publication record or the scientific integrity of the paper, or the reputation of the authors or of the journal. 

Corrigendum or Author Correction

Notification of an important error made by the author(s) that affects the publication record or the scientific integrity of the paper, or the reputation of the authors or the journal.

Retraction 

Notification of invalid results that affect the reliability of a previously published article. The original article is marked as retracted but remains available to readers, and the retraction statement notifying readers of the invalidity of the published paper is bi-directionally linked to the original published paper.

Addendum

Notification of additional information about a paper. Addenda are published when the editors decide that the addendum is crucial to the reader's understanding of a significant part of the published contribution. Addenda include Editorial Expression of Concern, which is an editorial statement alerting our readership to serious concerns with the published paper. Editorial Expression of Concern are typically updated with another amendment once further information is available.

Editor's Note

An editor's note is a statement from editors notifying readers of issues related to the published paper. It is an online update made only to the HTML version of record of the published article. Editor's notes are typically updated with another amendment once further information is available. 

 

Withdrawal Policy

Some authors request withdrawal of manuscript from the publication process after submission. Withdrawing manuscripts from publication wastes the valuable resources and tremendous amount of effort made in processing the manuscripts by the editors, reviewers and the editorial staff.

Submission of an article to BNJ implies that the work has NOT been published or submitted elsewhere; therefore, the journal is strongly against unethical withdrawal of an article from the publication process after submission. Once the article is submitted, the author grants the editorial board full publishing rights and it is the absolute right of the editorial board to decide on article withdrawals.

For genuine withdrawal, the corresponding author should submit a request which must be signed by all co-authors explaining the reason of withdrawing the manuscript. The request will be processed by the editorial board and only serious genuine reasons will be considered if possible. The decision of the editorial board will be final and not negotiable. If an author requests a withdrawal within 3 days of submission, the author is allowed to withdraw the manuscript without paying any withdrawal fee; however, if the author withdraws the manuscript any time after review and acceptance, a withdrawal fee of $40 will have to be paid.

 

For Reviewers

This page contains information and resources for reviewers for the Belitung Nursing Journal.

If you are not currently a reviewer for the journal but would be interested, please register. Please note that we generally require reviewers to have a good level of experience of publishing in peer-reviewed journals and whilst some people review principally for their subject expertise, our reviewers require a higher degree, preferably a PhD.

Ethical Guidelines
COPE has published its Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers, outlining "the basic principles and standards to which all peer reviewers should adhere during the peer-review process". These can be accessed here.

Guide to reviewing manuscripts
Useful guidance to reviewing journal manuscripts is available on Nurse Author & Editor.
Advice on writing peer reviews is available at: http://naepub.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/NAE-2006-16-3-2-Westergren.pdf and http://naepub.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/NAE-2006-16-2-2-Kralik.pdf

Exemplars
It is very hard to specify what a good review is and to give advice to new reviewers who ask for advice. Editors spend a great deal of time discussing the quality of reviews and who the best reviewers are. The review process is crucial to the enterprise of academic publishing. The reviews are all different but they have some features in common: they are all polite, they are all specific about what needs to be changed and where, and they are all meant to be helpful to the editor processing the manuscript and the authors who may be asked to revise their paper.

 

Policy of Screening for Plagiarism

Papers submitted to BNJ will be screened for plagiarism using CrossCheck / iThenticate plagiarism detection tools.  BNJ will immediately reject papers leading to plagiarism or self-plagiarism.

Before submitting articles to reviewers, those are first checked for similarity/plagiarism tool, by a member of the editorial team. The papers submitted in BNJ must have similarity level less than 15 %.

Adapted from Bella H. Plagiarism. Saudi J Med Med Sci 2014;2:127

Available from: http://www.sjmms.net/text.asp?2014/2/2/127/137015

"Plagiarism is the use of others' published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or permission, and presenting them as new and original rather than derived from an existing source. The intent and effect of plagiarism is to mislead the reader as to the contributions of the plagiarizer. This applies whether the ideas or words are taken from abstracts, research grant applications, Institutional Review Board applications, or unpublished or published manuscripts in any publication format. Plagiarism is scientific misconduct and should be addressed as such.

Self-plagiarism refers to the practice of an author using portions of their previous writings on the same topic in another of their publications, without specifically citing it formally in quotes. This practice is widespread and sometimes unintentional, as there are only so many ways to say the same thing on many occasions, particularly when writing the methods section of an article. Although this usually violates the copyright that has been assigned to the publisher, there is no consensus as to whether this is a form of scientific misconduct, or how many of one's own words one can sue before it is truly "plagiarism." Probably for this reason self-plagiarism is not regarded in the same light as plagiarism of ideas and words of other individuals. If journals have developed a policy on this matter, it should be clearly stated for authors."

Direct plagiarism is the plagiarism of the text. Mosaic plagiarism is the borrowing of ideas and opinions from an original source and a few verbatim words or phrases without crediting the author.

Authors can adhere to the following steps to report plagiarism:

  1. Inform the editor of the journal where a plagiarized article is published.
  2. Send original and plagiarized articles with plagiarized part highlighted.
  3. If evidence of plagiarism is convincing, editor should arrange for a disciplinary meeting.
  4. Editor of the journal where the plagiarized article should communicate with the editor of the journal containing the original article to rectify the matter.
  5. The plagiarist should be asked to provide an explanation.
  6. In case of nonresponse in the stipulated time or an unsatisfactory explanation, the article should be permanently retracted.
  7. Author should be blacklisted and debarred for submitted an article to a particular journal for at least 5 years.
  8. The concerned head of the institution has to be notified.

Plagiarism could be detected using Google search engine or one of two programs; iThenticate or Turnitin.