Psychosocial factors and burnout among oncology nurses in Brunei Darussalam: A pilot study


psychosocial factors
cross-sectional studies

How to Cite

Jais, F. A., Yan Choo, T., Kahan, H., Shahbudin, S., Abdul-Mumin, K. H., & Rahman, H. A. (2021). Psychosocial factors and burnout among oncology nurses in Brunei Darussalam: A pilot study. Belitung Nursing Journal, 7(5), 418–424.
Google Scholar

Link to Google Scholar

Accepted for publication: 2021-08-06
Peer reviewed: Yes

Related articles in

Search Relations - Article by Author(s)

Share this article on:


Background: Existing evidence showed that adverse psychosocial factors contribute to burnout in oncology nurses and impose profound implications to nursing practice. Due to the complexity of this relationship, more studies are still needed.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and relationship between burnout and psychosocial factors among oncology nurses. 

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was conducted in 2018 using the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire to measure burnout and psychosocial factors, respectively. Descriptive and multivariate regression using maximum likelihood procedures were used for analysis. 

Results: Out of three burnout variables, emotional exhaustion demonstrated a highly significant relationship towards psychosocial factors, particularly quality of leadership (<0.001), justice and respect (<0.001), and rewards (<0.001) – congruent to a high prevalence of emotional exhaustion reported. 

Conclusion: Improvement in leadership quality, rewards, justice and respect could minimise emotional exhaustion among oncology nurses. These findings further inform management and policymakers to target these specific psychosocial factors in addition to using other interventions to counter the harmful effects of burnout. A positive psychosocial workplace would consequently decrease the risk of nurses’ intention to leave, reduce nurse shortages, and increase the quality of patient care.


Copyright (c) 2021 Fatin Afiqah Jais, Teo Yan Choo, Hasnan Kahan, Shanti Shahbudin, Khadizah H. Abdul-Mumin, Hanif Abdul Rahman

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Article Metrics

Total views 1136 [Abstract: 636 | PDF: 500 | XML: 0 ]


Download data is not yet available.

PlumX Metrics


Berg, G. M., Harshbarger, J. L., Ahlers-Schmidt, C. R., & Lippoldt, D. (2016). Exposing compassion fatigue and burnout syndrome in a trauma team: A qualitative study. Journal of Trauma Nursing, 23(1), 3-10.

Braunschneider, H. (2013). Preventing and managing compassion fatigue and burnout in nursing. ESSAI, 11(1), 14-18.

Brossoit, R. M., Crain, T. L., Hammer, L. B., Lee, S., Bodner, T. E., & Buxton, O. M. (2020). Associations among patient care workers' schedule control, sleep, job satisfaction and turnover intentions. Stress and Health, 36(4), 442-456.

Cañadas-De la Fuente, G. A., Vargas, C., San Luis, C., García, I., Cañadas, G. R., & Emilia, I. (2015). Risk factors and prevalence of burnout syndrome in the nursing profession. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 52(1), 240-249.

Cheng, F., Meng, A.-f., & Jin, T. (2015). Correlation between burnout and professional value in Chinese oncology nurses: A questionnaire survey. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 2(2), 153-157.

Gómez-Urquiza, J. L., Aneas-López, A. B., Fuente-Solana, E. I., Albendín-García, L., Díaz-Rodríguez, L., & Fuente, G. A. (2016). Prevalence, risk factors, and levels of burnout among oncology nurses: A systematic review. Oncology Nursing Forum, 43(3), E104-120.

Halbesleben, J. R. B., Wakefield, B. J., Wakefield, D. S., & Cooper, L. B. (2008). Nurse burnout and patient safety outcomes: Nurse safety perception versus reporting behavior. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 30(5), 560-577.

Ibtissam, S., Hala, S., Sanaa, S., Hussein, A., & Nabil, D. (2012). Burnout among Lebanese nurses: Psychometric properties of the Maslach burnout inventory-human services survey (MBI-HSS). Health, 4, 644-652.

Khamisa, N., Oldenburg, B., Peltzer, K., & Ilic, D. (2015). Work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12(1), 652-666.

Kiss, P., De Meester, M., Kruse, A., Chavée, B., & Braeckman, L. (2013). Comparison between the first and second versions of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire: Psychosocial risk factors for a high need for recovery after work. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 86(1), 17-24.

Kutluturkan, S., Sozeri, E., Uysal, N., & Bay, F. (2016). Resilience and burnout status among nurses working in oncology. Annals of General Psychiatry, 15(1), 1-9.

Lin, Y.-W. (2012). The causes, consequences, and mediating effects of job burnout among hospital employees in Taiwan. Journal of Hospital Administration, 2(1), 15-27.

Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1981). The measurement of experienced burnout. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 2(2), 99-113.

Maslach, C., & Leiter, M. P. (2008). Early predictors of job burnout and engagement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(3), 498-512.

Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Leiter, M. P. (2001). Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 397-422.

Nübling, M., Stößel, U., Hasselhorn, H.-M., Michaelis, M., & Hofmann, F. (2006). Measuring psychological stress and strain at work-Evaluation of the COPSOQ Questionnaire in Germany. GMS Psycho-Social Medicine, 3, Doc05.

Pogoy, J. M., & Cutamora, J. C. (2021). Lived experiences of Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW) nurses working in COVID-19 intensive care units. Belitung Nursing Journal, 7(3), 186-194.

Rahman, H. A., Abdul-Mumin, K., & Naing, L. (2017). Psychosocial factors, musculoskeletal disorders and work-related fatigue amongst nurses in Brunei: Structural equation model approach. International Emergency Nursing, 34, 17-22.

Readers are able to give us their valuable feedbacks here. The comments will be reviewed by the editors and then published here. Important Note: The "Comments" related to the Galley Proof PDF must NOT be submitted via this form. Authors should submit their comments on their galley proofs only via system