Background: Diabetes mellitus is a crucial problem that leads to serious multiple complication. Self-management program is an essential foundation for the empowerment approach, and necessary for patients to effectively manage their behaviors.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe, compare and critique six existing self-management programs that are commonly used to guide self-management for type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients.
Method: An integrative review was conducted. Relevant studies published in English language and retrieved from CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, and Google search were included.
Results: Five Randomized Control Trials (RCTs) and one quasi-experimental study were reviewed. Goal setting and action planning combined with other strategies (brief counseling, problem solving, and follow-up strategy) showed more effective to improve behavioral change and several clinical outcomes. Continuing follow-up through telephone-call and face to face follow-up becomes the essential element for successful behavior change.
Conclusion: Diabetes self-management program is effective to improve behavioral change and clinical outcomes among patients with type 2 DM. Further research is needed to test the effectiveness of self-management combine with other strategies which are goal setting strategy and follow-up strategy in patients with type 2 DM.
Copyright (c) 2016 Rian Adi Pamungkas, Dodik Limansyah, Sudarman, Brajakson Siokal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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