Aesthetics in nursing practice as experienced by nurses in Indonesia: A phenomenological study


aesthetics in nursing practice

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Betriana, F., Kongsuwan, W. ., & Mariyana, R. . (2022). Aesthetics in nursing practice as experienced by nurses in Indonesia: A phenomenological study . Belitung Nursing Journal, 8(1), 20–27.
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Accepted for publication: 2022-01-08
Peer reviewed: Yes

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Background: While aesthetics in nursing practice brings out the beauty in nursing, studies regarding how aesthetics are implemented in practice are lacking.

Objective: To describe the meanings of aesthetics in nursing practice experienced by nurses in Indonesia.

Methods: This qualitative study employed a hermeneutic phenomenological approach based on Gadamerian philosophy. Thirteen nurses were asked to reflect on their experiences of providing aesthetics in their practice through drawing, followed by individual face-to-face interviews. Data were collected in a public hospital in West Sumatra, Indonesia. The interview transcripts and the pictures were analysed following van Manen’s approach.

Results: Five thematic categories were revealed: 1) Engaging in caring for persons; 2) Full of compassion; 3) Sympathetic place of care; 4) A joyful time of care; and 5) Distracting the inconvenience in care.

Conclusion: Aesthetics in nursing practice is understood and experienced by Indonesian nurses in various ways, not only limited to the visual beauty, cleanness or tidiness of nursing intervention, but are expressed in other ways within caring, including providing care with compassion, applying the art of communication, relieving the pain, and applying innovation in care. These findings can be used to inform nurses in practising aesthetic nursing for enhancing the quality of care.

Supporting Agencies

Faculty of Nursing Research Grant, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand


Copyright (c) 2022 Feni Betriana, Waraporn Kongsuwan, Rina Mariyana

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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Declaration of Conflicting Interest

None to declare.


We would like to acknowledge the Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand, for the grant to support this study. We thank nurse participants who participated in this study.

Authors’ Contributions

All listed authors meet the authorship criteria, and that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript.

Data Availability

The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are not publicly available due to ethical restrictions but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


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