Children’s psychosocial state after the 2018 Lombok earthquake



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Saleh, A., Keliat, B. A., Susanti, H., Windarwati, H. D. ., Rahman, F. ., Sapoan, A., & Arifuddin, . F. (2022). Children’s psychosocial state after the 2018 Lombok earthquake. Belitung Nursing Journal, 8(2), 147–152.
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Accepted for publication: 2022-03-07
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Background: The current earthquake disaster in Lombok, Indonesia, in July 2018 has caused 564 deaths, and 445.343 were evacuated to refugee camps, including children. Disasters have the potential in resulting short-and long-term effects on the psychological functioning, emotional adjustment, health, and developmental trajectory of children. Nurses play a significant role when a disaster occurs. One of the nurses’ roles is to give a traumatic healing intervention to the victims

Objective: This study sought to assess children’s psychosocial state after the 2018 Lombok earthquake.

Methods: A total of 189 children from five regencies in Lombok were selected to participate in the study using accidental sampling. Data were collected using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Descriptive statistics and cross-tabulation were used for data analysis.

Results: The participants consisted of 98 girls (51.9%) and 91 boys (48.1%), with the majority (n = 142 [75.1%]) being from school-aged children. The SDQ results showed that most of the children were at the abnormal stage for difficulties (n = 103 [54.5%]), and most of them were at a normal stage for strength (n = 97 [51.3%]). The cross-tabulation analysis revealed that gender might influence the SDQ score for the strength (p = 0.034), but not for difficulties (p = 0.482). However, age did not have a correlation with SDQ score, either for strength (p = 0.475) or difficulties (p = 0.836), respectively.

Conclusion: The study found that children in Lombok generally displayed positive behavior and emotional progress after the earthquake. However, some children remained in distress and thus required more observation from parents or other social welfare agencies. This research may help nurses decide on their nursing care for children who experience disasters.

Supporting Agencies

Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia


Copyright (c) 2022 Ariyanti Saleh, Budi Anna Keliat, Herni Susanti, Heni Dwi Windarwati, Framita Rahman, Ahmad Sapoan, Fitrawati Arifuddin

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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Declaration of Conflicting Interest

All authors declare no conflict of interest in this study.


The authors would like to thank all nurses at Rumah Sakit Jiwa Mutiara Sukma, West Nusa Tenggara, that provided tremendous help to this study. In addition, the authors also wanted to thank all the participants of this study.

Authors’ Contributions

All authors contributed equally in conceptualization and methodology, data analysis, interpretation, drafted the manuscript and agreed with the final version of the article.

Data Availability

The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are not publicly available due to subject confidential information but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


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