The mechanism of anger and negative affectivity on the occurrence of deviant workplace behavior: An empirical evidence among Malaysian nurses in public hospitals


negative affectivity
deviant workplace behavior

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Mansor, M., Ibrahim, R. M., Afthanorhan, A., & Salleh, A. M. M. (2022). The mechanism of anger and negative affectivity on the occurrence of deviant workplace behavior: An empirical evidence among Malaysian nurses in public hospitals. Belitung Nursing Journal, 8(2), 115–123.
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Accepted for publication: 2022-03-12
Peer reviewed: Yes

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Background: Employees’ work experience significantly impacts their cognition and workplace actions. Anger and negative affectivity are two personality traits that have been linked to workplace deviant behavior conduct.

Objective: This study aimed to empirically analyze the deviant workplace behavior and its antecedents among Malaysian nurses in public hospitals.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was employed in this study. The survey questionnaires were distributed proportionately to staff nurses in six government hospitals in 2020, with a total of 387 nurses selected using a simple random sampling. Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) was used for data analysis.

Results: Trait anger triggered deviant workplace behavior in Malaysian nurses, thus supporting the argument that the personality trait could increase deviant behavior (β = 0.245, p = 0.000). At the same time, there was no evidence that negative affectivity could influence deviant behavior in the workplace among nurses in selected public hospitals in Malaysia (β = 0.074, p = 0.064).

Conclusion: The Malaysian nurses had positive affectivity, related to positive emotions like happiness, work interest, and attentiveness. On the other hand, the nurses were suffering from high levels of emotional tiredness. Further research should highlight a deeper understanding of Malaysian nurses’ work experiences and workplace stress affecting their physical and mental health.


Copyright (c) 2022 Maslina Mansor, Rashidah Mohd Ibrahim, Asyraf Afthanorhan, Ahmad Munir Mohd Salleh

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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Declaration of Conflicting Interest

The authors have no conflict of interests to declare.


The authors would like to acknowledge and thank all anonymous reviewers.

Authors’ Contributions

MM: abstract, introduction, theoretical and conceptual framework, discussion, and conclusion. RI: objectives, literature review, and methodology. AA: statistical analysis. AMMS: participated in data collection and logistics. All authors contributed to the article and approved the final version to be published.

Data Availability

The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


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