Social environment support to overcome loneliness among older adults: A scoping review
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Keywords

aged
elderly
social environment
social support
family
loneliness
nursing

How to Cite

Resna, R. W., Widianti, W., Nofiantoro, W., Iskandar, R., Ashbahna, D. M., Royani, R., & Susilawati, S. (2022). Social environment support to overcome loneliness among older adults: A scoping review. Belitung Nursing Journal, 8(3), 197–203. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.2092
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Abstract

Background: Loneliness is a problem experienced by most older adults due to internal and external factors. This condition may lead to various physical and psychological health problems, including depression, sleep disturbances, stress, and suicidal ideation. Therefore, exploring social environment support to reduce loneliness is a necessity.

Objective: This study aimed to identify various kinds of social support to overcome loneliness in older adults.

Methods: A scoping review was performed on studies retrieved from Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane, PubMed, and Google Scholar from 2012 until early 2022. Data were analyzed according to Arksey and O’Malley’s scoping review guideline.

Results: Ten studies were systematically selected from 2,410 articles. The analysis indicated that the social environment support, including family support (affection, attention, emotional, motivation, and financial support), friends (peer group, partnership, advice, and appreciation), neighbors (work around the house, society involvement, and emergency), and government support (healthcare facilities and community programs), contribute to loneliness in older adults.

Conclusion: The social environment support from families, friends, neighbors, and government may potentially help older adults to reduce their loneliness but need further validation. The variables included in each component also need construct exploration. However, the study findings may serve as basic knowledge for nurses to provide interventions to prevent and reduce loneliness among older adults.

https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.2092
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Copyright (c) 2022 Riksa Wibawa Resna, Widianti Widianti, Wahyu Nofiantoro, Rachmayanti Iskandar, Dwi Meilina Ashbahna, Royani, Susi Susilawati

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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Declaration of Conflicting Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest in this study.

Funding

This research did not receive a specific grant from any funding agency.

Acknowledgment

The authors would like to thank those who provided support and motivation in the process of preparing this article. This research received full support from the School of Health Science Banten in an effort to develop knowledge, especially in the field of nursing.

Authors’ Contributions

W, RI, and DMA made substantial contributions to the conception and drafting of the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content. W, SS, WN, and R drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content. RWR supervised and contributed to all stages. All authors gave final approval of the version to be published and agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Data Availability

All data generated and analyzed in this study were included in this published article. In addition, the search strategy can be viewed in the supplementary file.


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