Concept analysis of maternal-infant attachment during the weaning process


maternal-infant attachment
weaning process
maternal sensitivity
proximity seeking
concept analysis

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Gonzales Jr, A. M., & Tejero, L. M. S. (2022). Concept analysis of maternal-infant attachment during the weaning process. Belitung Nursing Journal, 8(5), 381–388.
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Accepted for publication: 2022-08-13
Peer reviewed: Yes

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Background: At the time that the mother and baby transit from breastfeeding to weaning, maternal-fetal attachment becomes a crucial basis for maintaining their emotional relationship. Conceptualization is needed to better understand the phenomenon of maternal-infant attachment during the weaning process.

Objective: The purpose of this paper is to explore and identify the essence of the term maternal-infant attachment during weaning and to arrive at an operational definition of the concept.

Method: Concept analysis following Walker and Avant.

Results: The attributes of maternal-infant attachment during the weaning process include (1) consistent and properly timed, (2) dynamic transactional interaction, and (3) secured adjustment. Maternal-infant attachment during the weaning process is brought by maternal sensitivity, closeness and proximity seeking, gentle and positive weaning, and breastfeeding experiences, which later turn into favorable emotion regulation, maturity, self-efficacy, secured bond, less intrusive interaction, resilience, and child’s behavioral and development.

Conclusion: This concept analysis provides new insight into maternal-infant attachment during the weaning process that guides the nursing practice. Also, the findings can help develop or improve the models, theories, and instruments collected for maintaining maternal-fetal attachment during the weaning process.


Copyright (c) 2022 Artemio M. Gonzales Jr., Lourdes Marie S. Tejero

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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Declaration of Conflicting Interest

All authors declared no potential conflict of interest.


No specific grant from any funding institution was received for this research.


All authors would like to thank the University of the Philippines Manila and Occidental Mindoro State College for the support and encouragement in this academic scholar study.

Authors’ Contributions

AMG conceptualized, designed, analyzed, literature searched, and drafted the study. LMT contributed to conceptualization and analysis, reviewed, and supported concepts with intellectual content. All authors substantially contributed with equal efforts until approval of the final article and acknowledged that all those entitled to authorship are listed as authors until publication.

Data Availability

Not Applicable.

Ethical Consideration

Not applicable.


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