Nursing services as perceived by inmates in correctional facilities in Jakarta, Indonesia: A qualitative study


human rights

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Wilma, W., Hamid, A. Y. S., Handiyani, H., & Darmawan, E. S. (2023). Nursing services as perceived by inmates in correctional facilities in Jakarta, Indonesia: A qualitative study. Belitung Nursing Journal, 9(2), 184–191.
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Accepted for publication: 2023-02-27
Peer reviewed: Yes

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Background: Nursing services play a crucial role in addressing the healthcare needs of inmates in correctional facilities while upholding their human rights. However, delivering nursing services in this context is challenging. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of research on this topic in Indonesia.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the experiences of inmates in receiving nursing services in order to provide insights into professional nursing services in the correctional context in Indonesia.

Methods: A qualitative phenomenological approach was used in this study. Twenty inmates were selected purposively from four prisons, three jails, and one child penitentiary in Jakarta, Indonesia. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted from August to October 2021, and thematic analysis was used to analyze the data.

Results: Five themes were generated: (1) conditions requiring nursing services, (2) types of nursing services received, (3) nurse competence, (4) barriers to receiving nursing services, and (5) expectations for nursing services in the future.

Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of nursing services in correctional facilities and the unique challenges that correctional nurses face in providing services professionally and ethically. Strategies to enhance nursing services, advance nurse competence, and reduce barriers to accessing care are needed to improve inmates’ health outcomes.

Supporting Agencies

This work was supported by the Educational Fund Management Institution (LPDP), Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia (No. 2020032130371).


Copyright (c) 2023 Wilma, Achir Yani S. Hamid, Hanny Handiyani, Ede Surya Darmawan

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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Declaration of Conflicting Interest

The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest concerning the research, authorship, or publication of this article.


The authors are highly thankful to the inmates participating in this study and to the managers and nurses of nursing services from the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Jakarta Region, for their support.

Authors’ Contributions

All authors contributed equally to all stages of the study, including conceptualization, methodology, validation, analysis, and interpretation of the data, drafting and revising the manuscript. In addition, all authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

Data Availability

The datasets interpreted and analyzed during the study process are not made public but available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.


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