Factors influencing intention to plagiarize among nursing students in the Philippines


cross-sectional study
moral obligations

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Debuque, M. B. G., Dofitas, J. B. A., Espia, D. A. P. P., Ferrariz, T. C. R., Gargarita, F. J. P., & Oducado, R. M. F. (2023). Factors influencing intention to plagiarize among nursing students in the Philippines. Belitung Nursing Journal, 9(2), 118–123. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.2555
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Accepted for publication: 2023-03-14
Peer reviewed: Yes

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Background: Plagiarism is an ethical concern among students but is insufficiently discussed and acknowledged in some educational institutions. Determining what factors influence plagiarism can help the academic community manage its incidence.

Objective: This study determined the factors affecting the intention to plagiarize among Filipino nursing students.

Methods: Utilizing a cross-sectional research design, data were gathered from 304 nursing students last June 2021 using valid instruments administered online. Regression analysis identified influencing factors of intention to plagiarize.

Results: Findings indicated a generally low intention (M = 1.47, SD = 0.74) to plagiarize among nursing students. Internet literacy (B = -0.314, <0.001), attitude (B = 0.257, p <0.001), moral obligation (B = -0.236, p <0.001), past behavior (B = 0.139, p <0.001), and subjective norm (B = -0.095, p = -0.001) influenced nursing students’ plagiarism intention.

Conclusion: Several interrelated factors play major roles in nursing students’ tendency to plagiarize. Creating an educational environment that does not favor the unethical practice of plagiarism is recommended for nursing schools.  



Copyright (c) 2023 Mary Bless G. Debuque, John Bernard A. Dofitas, Dorothy Arlene Paz P. Espia, Trixie Camille R. Ferrariz, Francis John P. Gargarita, Ryan Michael F. Oducado

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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Declaration of Conflicting Interest

No conflict of interest to declare.


We would like to thank all the nursing students who willingly participated in the study.

Authors’ Contributions

All authors made a substantial contribution from conception to the finalization of this study and approved the version of the manuscript submitted.

Data Availability

The datasets generated during and analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.


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