Background: High blood pressure during pregnancy can pose significant problems such as preeclampsia, eclampsia, and premature birth. Thus, early prevention is needed. Consuming tomato (lycopersium commune) juice is considered effective to reduce blood pressure in pregnant women.
Objective: This study aims to examine the effect of tomato juice on the decrease in blood pressure of pregnant women with hypertension in pregnancy.
Methods: This study was a quasi-experiment with pretest-posttest control group. This research was conducted at the working area of the Community Health Center of Magelang Indonesia in July 2016 - January 2017. The target population of this study was pregnant women in trimester I, II, and III with high blood pressure. There were 30 samples selected using consecutive sampling, with 15 assigned in the experiment and control group. Wilcoxon test was performed for data analysis.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference in systolic and diastolic blood pressure before and after given tomato juice with p = 0.001 (<0.05).
Conclusion: Consuming tomato juice can be one of the efforts to reduce blood pressure in pregnant women with hypertension.
Copyright (c) 2017 Theresia Anita, Agus Suwandono, Ida Ariyanti, Noor Pramono, Suryati Kumorowulan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Article MetricsAbstract views: 1075 | PDF views: 771
American Heart, A. (2017). What is high blood pressure? Retrived from South Carolina State Documents Depository. https://dc.statelibrary. sc.gov/handle/10827/25132
Besford, R. T., & Maw, G. A. (1975). Effect of potassium nutrition on tomato plant growth and fruit development. Plant and Soil, 42(2), 395-412.
Chauhan, K., Sharma, S., Agarwal, N., & Chauhan, B. (2011). Lycopene of tomato fame: Its role in health and disease. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, 10(1), 99-115.
Dinkes. (2014). Health profile of Central Java Province. Central Java, Indonesia: Department of Health of Central Java.
Ismalia, N., & Zuraida, R. (2016). Efek tomat (Lycopersion esculentum Mill) dalam menurunkan tekanan darah tinggi [Effect of tomato (Lycopersion esculentum Mill) in lowering blood pressure. Jurnal Majority, 5(4), 107-111.
Paran, E., & Engelhard, Y. (2001). P-333: Effect of tomato's lycopene on blood pressure, serum lipoproteins, plasma homocysteine and oxidative sress markers in grade I hypertensive patients. American Journal of Hypertension, 14(S1), 141A-141A.
Ramadhian, M. R., & Hasibuan, N. C. (2016). Efektivitas kandungan kalium dan likopen yang terdapat dalam tomat (Solanum lycipersicum) terhadap penurunan tekanan darah tinggi [Effect of calium and likopen in tomato (Solanum lycipersicum) on the decrease of high blood pressure]. Jurnal Majority, 5(3), 124-128.
Rukiyah, A. Y. (2009). Asuhan kebidanan II (persalinan) [Midwifery care II (labor]. Jakarta: Trans Info Media
Rukiyah, A. Y., & Yulianti, L. (2010). Asuhan kebidanan IV (patologi kebidanan) [Midwifery care IV (midwifery patologi)]. Jakarta: Trans Info Media.
Sharma, J. B., Kumar, A., Kumar, A., Malhotra, M., Arora, R., Prasad, S., & Batra, S. (2003). Effect of lycopene on pre-eclampsia and intra-uterine growth retardation in primigravidas. International Journal of Gynaecology Obstetrics, 81(3), 257-262.