Implementation of coaching methods to decrease the parenting stress levels among teenage mothers in Indonesia: A quasi-experimental study


parenting coaching
self efficacy
parenting stress
nursing process

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Saleh, A., Irwan, A. M., Latif, A. I., Syahrul, S., Hadju, V., Andriani, I., & Restika, I. (2024). Implementation of coaching methods to decrease the parenting stress levels among teenage mothers in Indonesia: A quasi-experimental study. Belitung Nursing Journal, 10(2), 192–200.
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Accepted for publication: 2024-02-03
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Background: The high rate of early marriage, teenage pregnancy, and teenage mothers increases the prevalence of emotional and mental disorders, depression, parenting stress, and child stunting. Parenting coaching is among the effective ways to overcome parenting stress and improve parents’ knowledge, skills, and behaviors, thereby avoiding child stunting. However, studies on parenting coaching are not widely conducted, particularly in Indonesia.

Objective: This study aimed to present the current status of parenting stress among teenage mothers and assess whether parenting coaching effectively reduces parenting stress among teenage mothers.

Methods: A quasi-experimental design was used. The participants were randomly selected into two groups: the intervention group receiving parenting coaching intervention and the control group receiving standard education using a leaflet. Data were collected in June 2021 in Takalar Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Statistical Program for Social Science version 21 (Armonk, NY, USA) was employed for all statistical analyses.

Results: The parenting coaching intervention had a significant effect on parenting stress (p <0.001), with significant positive changes in knowledge, attitude (p <0.001), behavior (p <0.001), self-efficacy (p <0.001), and maternal function (p <0.001). Additionally, a significant difference in the achievement of z-score values was observed between the intervention and control groups based on Body Weight/Age (BW/A) (p <0.001) and Body Length/Age (BL/A) (p <0.001). However, Body Weight/Body Length (BW/BL) did not show a significant difference in the achievement of z-score (p = 0.34) in the third month.

Conclusion: Parenting coaching can reduce parenting stress among teenage mothers and improve their knowledge, attitudes, behavior, self-efficacy, and maternal function; hence, this intervention can be used as a reference in the nursing process to reduce parenting stress and prevent child stunting.

Supporting Agencies

This study was funded by the Ministry of Research and Technology/National Agency for Research and Innovation


Copyright (c) 2024 Ariyanti Saleh, Andi Masyitha Irwan, Aulia Insani Latif, Syahrul Syahrul, Veni Hadju, Irma Andriani, Indah Restika

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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Declaration of Conflicting Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


The authors thank all who participated in this study. The authors also wish to thank their colleagues at the Faculty of Nursing, Hasanuddin University, and all who have helped in this study.

Authors’ Contributions

All authors contributed equally according to ICMJE authorship criteria.

Data Availability

All data analyzed for this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

Declaration of Use of AI in Scientific Writing

Nothing to declare.


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