Visual Analogue Scale
mnemonic PQRST

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Afifah, F. H., Nurjannah, I., & Sunaryo, E. Y. A. B. (2018). PAIN CHARACTERISTICS ON PATIENT UNDERTAKING HEMODIALYSIS. Belitung Nursing Journal, 4(2), 123–127.
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Accepted for publication: 2018-03-05
Peer reviewed: Yes

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Background: Research in pain especially in patients undertaking hemodialysis is important to be conducted in order to help the process of their hemodialysis therapy.

Aim: The aim this study was to describe pain characteristic on hemodialysis patient using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and mnemonic PQRST (Provocation, Quality, Regio, Radiation and Time).

Methods: This was a descriptive quantitative cross-sectional research. The number of respondents were 72 and they routinely undertook hemodialysis therapy twice a week. The study was conducted in one central hospital in Yogyakarta Indonesia on February to March 2017. Univariate analysis was used to describe respondents’ pain characteristic.

Results: The majority of respondents (51.39%) experienced moderate pain, followed by mild pain (33.33%) and severe pain (15.28%). The most painful characteristic in the provocation aspect was movement (87.50%), and the quality of pain was knife-like pain (83.33%). Moreover, hand was the major area of pain (84.72%), and there was no radiation of pain (91.67%). Most of pain was intermittent (97.22%). Of 53% of respondents expressed that the pain had an impact on their lives, specifically in their activities (52.63%), followed by others (15.79%), nausea/vomiting (15.79%), sleep disturbance (13.16%), and appetite (13.16%). However, the pain did not have an impact on their emotion.

Conclusion: The respondents experienced mostly moderate pain. The percentage of pain characteristics on PQRST mnemonic was above 80%, and more than half of the respondents experienced moderate pain. Majority of the respondents felt the impacts of the pain in their lives.

Supporting Agencies

School of Nursing Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia


Copyright (c) 2018 Fatin Hapsah Afifah, Intansari Nurjannah, Ery Yanuar Akhmad Budi Sunaryo

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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