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art therapy
chronic kidney disease

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Fatmawati, A., Soelaeman, M. R., & Rafiyah, I. (2018). THE APPLICATION OF ART THERAPY TO REDUCE THE LEVEL OF DEPRESSION IN PATIENTS WITH HEMODIALYSIS. Belitung Nursing Journal, 4(3), 329–335.
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Background: Depression can occur in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis and can lead to decreased quality of life, and will have a two-fold risk for the occurrence of death and hospitalization.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of art therapy on the level of depression patients with hemodialysis.

Methods: This study used a quasi-experimental method with pretest posttest with control group design. Collecting data using questionnaires of Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) versions of Indonesia, which was done twice, before and after art therapy intervention. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and unpaired t-test.

Results: The results showed that after given intervention of art therapy there were differences in the average scores of depression in the intervention group (t = 0.764; p-value = 0.000). Art therapy is a medium to expose and express the feelings, fears or perceived problem, so it can be used as an adaptive coping method in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis.

Conclusion: It is concluded that art therapy could reduce depression in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis. Nurses can act as a facilitator to provide art-based therapy in order to improve the ability of psychological adaptation in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis.

Supporting Agencies

STIKES Majapahit, Mojokerto, Indonesia


Copyright (c) 2018 Atikah Fatmawati, M. Rachmat Soelaeman, Imas Rafiyah

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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