Background: Toddlers are vulnerable groups to malnutrition. Thus, to maintain their nutritional status is needed. Honey is considered having health benefits that may increase the nutritional status in children. However, little is known about the impact of honey on nutritional change in Sumbawa, Indonesia.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of honey on changes in nutritional status in children with poor nutrition in the area of the Health Center of Lopok, Sumbawa, Indonesia
Methods: This study employed a quasi-experiment design with pretest-posttest with control group. The total sample in this study were 60 children recruited by simple random sampling, divided into 2 groups, namely 30 children in an intervention group and 30 children in a control group. The sampling technique used a simple random sampling. Data were analyzed using Mann Whitney and linear regression test.
Results: Findings showed that there were significant mean differences between the intervention and control group in term of weight (intervention 1.316; control 0.903), height (intervention 1.586; control 1.030), weight-for-height (W/H) z-score (intervention 0.713; control 0.595), weight-for-age (W/A) z-score (intervention 0.717; control 0.531), and height-for-age (H/A) z-score (intervention 0.847; control 0.423) with p-value < 0.05.
Conclusion: There was a significant effect of honey on changes in nutritional status in children with poor nutrition. It is suggested that health providers may use honey to take care of children under nutrition to increase their appetite and change their nutritional status.
Copyright (c) 2017 Harmiyati, Ariawan Soejoenoes, Sri Wahyuni, Kun Aristiati, Soeharyo Hadisaputro
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Article MetricsAbstract views: 1103 | PDF views: 362 |
World Health Organization. Children's environmental health: Environmental risks. 2017; http://www.who.int/ceh/risks/ en/. Accessed 3 January, 2017.
Blössner M, De Onis M, Prüss-Üstün A, Campbell-Lendrum D, Corvalán C, Woodward A. Quantifying the health impact at national and local levels. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2005.
Cogill B. Anthropometric indicators measurement guide. Washington DC: Food and Nutritional Technical Assistance Project, Academy for Educational Development; 2003.
World Health Organization. World health statistics 2010. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2010.
Department of Health of Sumbawa. Health profile of Sumbawa Regency, West Nusa Tenggara. Indonesia: Department of Health of Sumbawa; 2014.
Foster BJ, Leonard MB. Measuring nutritional status in children with chronic kidney disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2004;80(4):801-814.
Benson T, Shekar M. Trends and issues in child undernutrition. In Disease and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa (2nd ed.). Washington DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank; 2006.
Standifer LN. Honey bee nutrition and supplemental feeding. Beekeeping in the United States Agriculture Handbook. 1980;335:39-45.
Larson-Meyer DE, Willis KS, Willis LM, et al. Effect of honey versus sucrose on appetite, appetite-regulating hormones, and postmeal thermogenesis. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 2010; 29(5):482-493.
Hamidi MNS. Hubungan pemberian madu terhadap nafsu makan pada balita di desa Ranah kecamatan Kampar kabupaten Kampar tahun 2014 [Relationship between honey consumption and appetite in under-five children at Ranah village Kampar district kampar regency in 2014]. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat STIKes Tuanku Tambusai Riau. 34-31
Nugraeny l. Pengaruh pemberian madu terhadap status gizi balita di desa Tobing Jae kecamatan Huristak kabupaten Padang Lawas tahun 2015 [Effect of giving honey on nutritional status at desa Tobing Jae kecamatan Huristak kabupaten Padang Lawas in 2015]. Jurnal Maternal dan Neonatal. 2016-06-24 2016(1):25-34%V 21.
Ministry of Health. Demographic and health survey of Indonesia 2012. Jakarta: Ministry of Health of Indonesia; 2013.
Fitri N, Jafar N, Indriasari R. Studi validasi semi-quantitatif food frequency questionnaire dengan food recall 24 jam pada asupan zat gizi mikro remaja di SMA Islam Athira Makassar [Validation study of semi-quantitatif food frequency questionnaire with 24-hour food recall of micronutrition intake in adolescents of SMA Islam Athira Makassar]. Makassar: Universitas Hasanuddin; 2013.
Makuituin F, Jafar N, Najamuddin U. Studi validasi semi-quantitatif food frequency questionnaire dengan food recall 24 jam pada asupan zat gizi mikro remaja di SMA Islam Athira Makassar [Validation study of semi-quantitatif food frequency questionnaire with 24-hour food recall of micronutrition intake in adolescents of SMA Islam Athira Makassar]. Makassar: Universitas Hasanuddin; 2013.
Bardosono S. Penilaian status gizi balita (Antropometri) [Assessment of nutritional status of under-five children (Antropometri). 2005; http://staff.ui.ac.id /system/files/users/saptawati.bardosono/material/penilaianstatusgizibalitaantropometri.pdf
World Health Organization. Nutrition Landscape Information System (NLIS). Country profile indicators: Interpretation guide. Geneva: WHO; 2010.
Luttinger P. Bees honey in substitute infant feeding. New York: AR Elliot Publishing Company; 1922.
Purbaya JR. Mengenal dan memanfaatkan khasiat madu alami [Get to know and utilize the benefits of natural honey]. Bandung: bandung Pionir Jaya; 2007.
Guyton AC. Human physiology and mechanisms of disease. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co; 1992.