Background: Sweet potato leaf is assumed to be one of alternative herbs that can increase breast milk production. However, there were no studies found in the literature that examine the sweet potato leaves to increase the levels of prolactin and milk production.
Objective: To examine the effect of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) leaf on the level of prolactin and milk production in postpartum mothers.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest design with control group, conducted on November 2016 to December 2016 in the Health Center (Puskesmas) of Boyolali I. Thirty respondents were selected using consecutive sampling, which were divided to be 15 respondents in intervention group and 15 respondents in control group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure prolactin levels, while breast milk production was measured based on the volume of breast milk and baby’s weight. Data were analyzed using Independent t-test and paired t-test.
Results: Finding showed that there was a significant difference in prolactin levels between the intervention (270.43) and control group (156.28) after intervention with p-value 0.000, and a significant difference in breast milk production in terms of breast milk volume (intervention group 136.33; and control group 119) with p-value 0.028; and baby’s weight (intervention group 3030.3; and control group 2787.33) with p-value 0.000.
Conclusion: There was a significant effect of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) leaf on the levels of prolactin and breast milk production. Thus, it could be suggested that sweet potato leaves should be considered to be one of alternative treatments for health care providers, especially for midwives to help breastfeeding mothers in increasing their breast milk production and prolactin levels. Further research is needed to examine all factors affecting breast milk production.
Copyright (c) 2017 Ima Candra Kusuma, Onny Setiani, Umaroh, Noor Pramono, Melyana Nurul Widyawati, Suryati Kumorowulan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Article MetricsAbstract views: 990 | PDF views: 511 |
Ministry of Health. Demographic and health survey Indonesia 2012. Jakarta: Ministry of Health of Indonesia; 2013.
Department of Health of Central Java. Health profile of Central Java Province. Central Java: Department of Health of Central Java;2014.
Department of Health of Boyolali Regency. Health profile of Boyolaly Regency. Boyolali: Department of Health of Boyolali Regency; 2014.
Department of Health of Boyolali Regency. Health Profile of Boyolai Regency. Boyolali: Department of Health of Boyolali Regency; 2015.
World Health Organization. Healthy eating during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Booklet for mothers. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2001.
Whitney E, Rolfes SR. Understanding nutrition. United States: Cengage Learning; 2007.
Whitehead RG, Vis HL, Hartmann PE. Effect of diet on maternal health and lactational performance. 1983; https://www.nzdl.org/
Sun H, Mu T, Xi L, Zhang M, Chen J. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) leaves as nutritional and functional foods. FoodCchemistry. 2014;156:380-389.
Suwanti E, Kuswati K. Kecepatan involusio uteri pada ibu nifas dengan konsumsi daun ubi jalar [The speed of uterine involution in postpartum mothers with consumption of potato leaves]. Jurnal Terpadu Ilmu Kesehatan. 2014;3(1).
Truong V-D, Deighton N, Thompson RT, et al. Characterization of anthocyanins and anthocyanidins in purple-fleshed sweetpotatoes by HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS/MS. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2009;58(1):404-410.
Strobel M, Tinz J, Biesalski H-K. The importance of β-carotene as a source of vitamin A with special regard to pregnant and breastfeeding women. European Journal of Nutrition. 2007;46(9):1-20.