SCHOOL HEALTH PROMOTION: A QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON CLEAN AND HEALTHY LIVING BEHAVIOR AMONG ELEMENTARY STUDENTS IN JAYAPURA, PAPUA, INDONESIA
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Keywords

health education
health behavior
knowledge
attitudes
students
Indonesia
nursing

How to Cite

Purba, E. R. V., Lusmilasari, L., & Hastuti, J. (2020). SCHOOL HEALTH PROMOTION: A QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON CLEAN AND HEALTHY LIVING BEHAVIOR AMONG ELEMENTARY STUDENTS IN JAYAPURA, PAPUA, INDONESIA. Belitung Nursing Journal, 6(6), 220–225. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.781
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Abstract

Background: The Indonesian government has launched a clean and healthy living behavior program as one of the efforts for school health promotion. However, the healthy behaviors of the elementary students remain low.

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effect of audiovisual-based education on the knowledge and attitudes of clean and healthy behavior in elementary students.

Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest comparison group design conducted from 1 October to 17 October 2018. A total sample of 272 students was selected using purposive sampling, with 136 assigned in an experimental group (audiovisual group) and a comparison group (poster only group). Knowledge and attitudes of clean and healthy living behavior were measured using validated questionnaires. Data were analyzed using a paired t-test and independent t-test.

Results: There was a significant effect of the interventions given in the experimental and comparison group on knowledge and attitude of clean and healthy living behavior (p<0.05). However, the experimental group showed a higher mean score compared to the comparison group in knowledge and attitudes, which indicated that the use of audiovisual-based education was more effective than the use of poster alone in improving the knowledge and attitudes of clean and healthy living behavior.

Conclusion: The students who received audiovisual-based education had higher knowledge and attitudes of clean and healthy living behavior than those who only received poster-based education. This study provides input for pediatric and community nurses to provide better health education for the community, specifically for school health promotion.

https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.781
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Copyright (c) 2020 Ellen Rosawita Veronica Purba, Lely Lusmilasari, Janatin Hastuti

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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