Guideline for Case Studies

Updated on 1 January 2022

Articles submitted to the Belitung Nursing Journal should not exceed 7000 words for the main text, including abstract, tables and references. A minimum of 4000 words of the main text of the manuscript will be considered as a case study article. 



Write a structured abstract (with subheading Background, Objective, Case Report, Discussion, Conclusion). Abstract should not be more than 350 words and add key words (3-10 words). Wording should be concise and present only the essential elements. 'Telegraphic' statements without verbs are acceptable. 


Main text

The main text should have no authors' detail. All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end of the manuscript.


  • Clearly identify the research problem, rationale, context, international relevance of topic.
  • Analyze current situation analysis and pertinent background including a synopsis of the relevant information from the case analysis.
  • Aim(s): State the aims of the study.



  • Present case information in a narrative form
  • When and where the study was conducted.



  • Present the intervention from nurses or clinical or general examination from related-health professions.


Ethical Considerations

  • Identify any particular ethical issues that were attached to this research. Provide a statement of ethics committee approval. Do not name the university or other institution from which ethics committee approval was obtained; state only that ethics committee approval was obtained from a university and/or whatever other organisation is relevant.
  • Explain any other approvals obtained, for example, local site arrangements to meet research governance requirements. If, according to local regulations, no formal ethical scrutiny was required or undertaken, please state this.
  • The complete name of the institution and approval number should be stated in the title page.



  • Describe the results of intervention or clinical/general examination.



  • The Discussion section should consider findings in relation to the literature. Do previous research findings match or differ from yours? Do not use literature which only supports your findings.
  • Draw conclusions about what new knowledge has emerged from the study. For example, this new knowledge could contribute to new conceptualisations or question existing ones; it could lead to the development of tentative/substantive theories (or even hypotheses), it could advance/question existing theories or provide methodological insights, or it could provide data that could lead to improvements in practice. 


  • Provide real conclusions, not just a summary/repetition of the findings.
  • Draw conclusions about the adequacy of the theory in relation to the data. Indicate whether the data supported or refuted the theory. Indicate whether the conceptual model was a useful and adequate guide for the study.
  • Identify implications/recommendations for practice/research/education/management as appropriate, and consistent with the limitations.



Use APA (American Psychological Association) 6th or 7th Edition with doi assigned format for citation and references.