Guideline for Theory and Concept Development

Updated on 1 January 2022

The types of the article that can be considered as 'theory and concept development': theory/concept synthesis, theory/concept derivation, and theory/concept analysis.  Theoretical concerns and issues, conceptual model, theoretical framework, etc. can also be included.

Articles submitted to the Belitung Nursing Journal should not exceed 7000 words for the main text, including abstract, tables and references. A minimum of 5000 words of the manuscript will be considered as a theory and concept development paper.


It can be a structured abstract (with 5 headings: Background, Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion) or an unstructred abstract. Abstract should not be more than 350 words and add key words (3-10 words). Wording should be concise and present only the essential elements. 'Telegraphic' statements without verbs are acceptable. 

Main text

The main text should have no authors' detail. All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end of the manuscript.


  • Clearly explain why the study is needed.
  • Provide the background, context, and the gap for the significant of the study.


  • Clearly explain the methods of theory and concept development. The guideline should be mentioned. 


  • Describe the results of the theory and concept development; it can be in the form of themes, patterns, etc. 


  • Summarize the findings.
  • Explain what is the new knowledge from the theory and concept development.
  • Implication for nursing knowledge and practice.


  • Provide the brief conclusion. Do not copy and paste from the results or discussion


  • Use APA fromat 6th or 7th edition with DOI number assigned for citation and reference.