Vol. 1 No. 2 (2022): Lessons Learned from the COVID-19 Pandemic for Future Healthcare Administration

Original Research Article

Depression among Indonesian citizens in the post-COVID-19 pandemic era: A descriptive survey

Eka Rokhmiati Wahyu Purnamasari
Universitas Indonesia Maju (UIMA), Program Studi Ners, Jakarta 12610, Indonesia
Ronnell D. Dela Rosa
Philippine Women’s University, School of Nursing, 1743 Taft Avenue, Malate, 1004, Manila, Philippines | Bataan Peninsula State University, College of Nursing and Midwifery, City of Balanga 2100, Bataan, Philippines


Depression, Mental health, Health Policy

How to Cite

Purnamasari, E. R. W., & Dela Rosa, R. D. (2022). Depression among Indonesian citizens in the post-COVID-19 pandemic era: A descriptive survey. Journal of Healthcare Administration, 1(2), 46–53. https://doi.org/10.33546/joha.2333


Background: Depression is a common medical illness that affects a million of individuals around the world. The prevalence of depression is increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, but little is known if the depression persists in the post-pandemic.

Objective: This study aimed to describe the current status of depression among Indonesian citizens in urban areas.

Methods: A quantitative descriptive survey was used involving 105 Indonesian citizens conveniently selected from urban areas in Jakarta, Bogor, Tangerang, Depok, and Bekasi (JABODETABEK). Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used for online data collection using Google Forms from 6 September 2022 to 12 September 2022. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis.

Results:  Of the participants, 74.3% had no depression, and 25.7% had mild depression.  Those having mild depression were mainly females, those aged 20-30 years, and those working in the health sector.

Conclusion: The study may provide a piece of basic information for healthcare professionals to provide mental health interventions, especially to reduce depression in the communities. However, further studies are needed to confirm the results.

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Declaration of Conflicting Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest concerning the research, authorship, and publication of this article.


The authors acknowledge Universitas Indonesia Maju (UIMA), Program Studi Ners, Jakarta 12610, Indonesia, for support.

Authors’ Contributions

All authors contributed equally to this study.

Data Availability Statement

All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this published article.


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