Prenatal passive smoking at home: The experiences of women in Thailand
PDF
XML

Keywords

Thailand
pregnancy
passive smoking at home
smoking reduction
smoking cessation
qualitative research

How to Cite

Mornsaeng, I., Sripichyakan, K., Sansiriphun, N., & Chaloumsuk, N. (2024). Prenatal passive smoking at home: The experiences of women in Thailand. Belitung Nursing Journal, 10(1), 48–55. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.3014
Crossref
Scopus
Google Scholar

Link to Google Scholar

Accepted for publication: 2023-12-15
Peer reviewed: Yes

Related articles in


Search Relations - Article by Author(s)

Share this article on:

Abstract

Background: Passive smoking poses a threat to the well-being of an unborn baby; however, women’s understanding and practice in this regard remain unclear.

Objective: This study aimed to describe prenatal passive smoking at home based on the experiences of women in Thailand.

Methods: A qualitative descriptive approach was employed. Data were collected between September 2020 and April 2022 through semi-structuredin-depth interviews with 16 postpartum women purposively selected from five hospitals. Thematic analysis was used for data analysis.

Results: Three themes emerged. The first theme, ‘safeguard for an unborn baby,’ was performed through smoking reduction, far distance, abstinence from smoke/odor inhalation, and residual elimination since harm was highly aware. However, justifying safety from the absence of smoke and foul odor was misperceived. The second theme, ‘intervention for smoking cessation,’ was attempted through various methods, including acquired empathy, persuasion, compromise, and supportiveness. They also needed family/friend assistance in warning and professional care in terms of advice, health education, learning materials, cessation therapy, care continuation, and dealing with complex situations. The last theme, ‘maternal perseverance,’ was acquired by the motives of safety goals, rights/responsibilities, changeable norms, and a golden period.

Conclusion: Pregnant women persistently aimed to prevent their husbands from smoking and safeguard their unborn babies from passive smoking. However, misunderstandings and improper practices were observed. Healthcare and nursing services need comprehensive approaches to enhance understanding, perseverance, and tailored practices catering to women’s needs.

https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.3014
PDF
XML

Copyright

Copyright (c) 2024 Idchayar Mornsaeng, Kasara Sripichyakan, Nantaporn Sansiriphun, Nonglak Chaloumsuk

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Article Metrics

Total views 157 [Abstract: 73 | PDF: 77 | XML: 7 ]

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

PlumX Metrics

Declaration of Conflicting Interest

All authors had no potential conflict of interest.

Acknowledgment

The authors acknowledge the participants for their participation in this study.

Authors’ Contributions

Each of the authors contributed significantly to the conceptualization and design, as well as data collection and analysis. All authors contributed to the writing of the manuscript and approved the final draft.

Data Availability

The data in this study are available from the corresponding author upon a reasonable request.

Declaration of Use of AI in Scientific Writing

Nothing to declare.


References

Abu-Baker, N. N., Al Diabat, L. A., & Alnuaimi, K. (2022). The effect of health education on second-hand smoke knowledge and exposure among pregnant women in Jordan: A quasi-experimental study. Heliyon, 8(9), e10647. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e10647

American Cancer Society. (2023). Health risks of secondhand smoke. https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stay-away-from-tobacco/health-risks-of-tobacco/secondhand-smoke.html

Artzi-Medvedik, R., Mohamed, N., & Chertok, I. R. A. (2022). Pregnant women's perception of secondhand smoke exposure. MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, 47(6), 353-358. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMC.0000000000000863

Asri, I. A. M., Abd Rani, N. A., Dzulkifli, Z., Jamil, M. I. M., Saman, M. S. A., & Yasin, S. M. (2017). Perspective of a smoke-free home among second-hand smokers during pregnancy: A qualitative study. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 25, 191-204.

Ayuningtyas, D. A., Tuinman, M., Prabandari, Y. S., & Hagedoorn, M. (2021a). Smoking-related social control in Indonesian single-smoker couples. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 28, 455-465. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-020-09935-z

Ayuningtyas, D. A., Tuinman, M. A., Prabandari, Y. S., & Hagedoorn, M. (2021b). Smoking cessation experience in Indonesia: Does the non-smoking wife play a role? Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 618182. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.618182

Bernardini, L., Barbosa, E., Charão, M. F., & Brucker, N. (2022). Formaldehyde toxicity reports from in vitro and in vivo studies: A review and updated data. Drug and Chemical Toxicology, 45(3), 972-984. https://doi.org/10.1080/01480545.2020.1795190

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022a). Health problems caused by secondhand smoke. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/secondhand-smoke/health.html#

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022b). Secondhand smoke. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/secondhand-smoke/index.html

Cunningham, F. G., Leveno, K. J., Dashe, J. S., Hoffman, B. L., Spong, C. Y., & Casey, B. M. (2022). Williams obstetrics (26th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical.

Department of Health and Aged Care Australia. (2019). About passive smoking. https://www.health.gov.au/topics/smoking-and-tobacco/about-smoking-and-tobacco/about-passive-smoking

Eldridge, L. (2023). Definition and dangers of passive smoking. https://www.verywellhealth.com/information-about-passive-smoking-2249146

Faseru, B., Richter, K. P., Scheuermann, T. S., & Park, E. W. (2018). Enhancing partner support to improve smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews(8), CD002928. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD002928.pub4

Holloway, I., & Galvin, K. (2017). Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare (4th ed.). Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.

Jantarasiew, B., Boonyaporn, T., & Suppasri, J. (2021). Factors related to secondhand smoke preventive behavior of pregnant women in Trang Province. Thai Journal of Nursing, 70(4), 28-33.

Lambert, V. A., & Lambert, C. E. (2012). Qualitative descriptive research: An acceptable design. Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research, 16(4), 255-256.

Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. California: Sage Publications.

Mao, A., Bottorff, J. L., Oliffe, J. L., Sarbit, G., & Kelly, M. T. (2015). A qualitative study of Chinese Canadian fathers’ smoking behaviors: Intersecting cultures and masculinities. BMC Public Health, 15, 286. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1646-0

McDonnell, B. P., & Regan, C. (2019). Smoking in pregnancy: Pathophysiology of harm and current evidence for monitoring and cessation. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, 21(3), 169-175. https://doi.org/10.1111/tog.12585

ODonnell, R., Angus, K., McCulloch, P., Amos, A., Greaves, L., & Semple, S. (2019). Fathers’ views and experiences of creating a smoke-free home: A scoping review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(24), 5164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245164

Pookpan, S., Tachasuksri, T., & Siriarunrat, S. (2021). Factors predicting preventive behavior regarding adverse effects of cigarette smoke among pregnant women. Thai Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Nursing, 32(1), 76-89.

Sandelowski, M. (2000). Focus on research methods: Whatever happened to qualitative description? . Research in Nursing & Health, 23(4), 334-340.

Seo, H.-J., Kim, S. Y., Park, D., Sheen, S.-S., Choi, M., Jang, B.-H., Lee, S. J., & Cha, Y. (2021). Peer support for smoking cessation: A protocol of systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic Reviews, 10, 296. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-021-01850-y

Shen, L. (2015). Targeting smokers with empathy appeal antismoking public service announcements: A field experiment. Journal of Health Communication, 20(5), 573-580. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2015.1012236

Soltani, F., Barzegar, F., Sangestani, G., Roshanaii, G., & Maleki, A. (2019). The effectiveness of family counselling on reducing exposure to secondhand smoke at home among pregnant women in Iran. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 5, 41. https://doi.org/10.18332%2Ftpc%2F113105

Sonthon, P., & Sonthon, A. (2019). Factors associated with second hand smoke exposure in the home among pregnant women in Phetchabun province. Thai Journal of Public Health, 49(3), 350-362.

Soulakova, J. N., Tang, C.-Y., Leonardo, S. A., & Taliaferro, L. A. (2018). Motivational benefits of social support and behavioural interventions for smoking cessation. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 13(4), 216-226. https://doi.org/10.1017/jsc.2017.26

Suteerangkul, P., Lagampan, S., Auemaneekul, N., & Kalampakorn, S. (2019). Thai community perspectives on suburban smoke-free homes: Qualitative findings from a mixed method study. Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research, 23(2), 106-117.

Tantanokit, J., Sansiriphun, N., Sripichyakan, K., & Klunklin, P. (2023). Prenatal harmful substances: Thai pregnant women’s experiences. Belitung Nursing Journal, 9(4), 302-312. https://doi.org/10.33546%2Fbnj.2708

The National Health Service. (2023). Take it right outside: Find out the facts about second hand smoke. https://www.nhsinform.scot/campaigns/take-it-right-outside

The Royal Thai Government Gazette. (2019). The Promotion of Development and Protection of Family Institution Act, B.E. 2562. https://ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/documents/17081923.pdf

The United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2023). Improving indoor air quality. https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/improving-indoor-air-quality

Tong, A., Sainsbury, P., & Craig, J. (2007). Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): A 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 19(6), 349-357. https://doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzm042

Tongmuangtunyatep, K., Pongchangyou, K., Malai, C., & Busayapranpong, H. (2019). Effects of cigarette smoke in pregnant women on fetus: A systematic review. Journal of Nursing and Education, 12(1), 117-132.

Tungtrongvisolkit, N., & Seaharattanapatum, B. (2021). Experiences of smoking cessation focused on barriers and facilitators by husbands with smoking tobaccos during wives getting pregnant with anemia in urban community: A qualitative research. Open Access Library Journal, 8(5), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1107460

Varpio, L., Ajjawi, R., Monrouxe, L. V., O'Brien, B. C., & Rees, C. E. (2017). Shedding the cobra effect: Problematising thematic emergence, triangulation, saturation and member checking. Medical Education, 51(1), 40-50. https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.13124

Wahabi, H. A., Massis, A., Fayed, A. A., & Esmaeil, S. A. (2020). Effectiveness of health education in reducing secondhand smoke exposure among pregnant women visiting the antenatal clinic in Saudi Arabia: A randomized controlled trial. Indian Journal of Public Health, 64(2), 102-108. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_63_19

World Health Organization. (2013). WHO recommendations for the prevention and management of tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure in pregnancy. https://iris.who.int/bitstream/handle/10665/94555/9789241506076_eng.pdf?sequence=1

World Health Organization. (2021). WHO global report on trends in prevalence of tobacco use 2000–2025 (9240039325). https://iris.who.int/bitstream/handle/10665/348537/9789240039322-eng.pdf?sequence=1

World Health Organization. (2023). Tobacco. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tobacco

Yang, L., Wu, H., Zhao, M., Magnussen, C. G., & Xi, B. (2022). Prevalence and trends in tobacco use, secondhand smoke exposure at home and household solid fuel use among women in 57 low-and middle-income countries, 2000–2018. Environment International, 161, 107142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2022.107142

Zhao, L., Chen, L., Yang, T., Wang, L., Wang, T., Zhang, S., Chen, L., Ye, Z., Zheng, Z., & Qin, J. (2020). Parental smoking and the risk of congenital heart defects in offspring: An updated meta-analysis of observational studies. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 27(12), 1284-1293. https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487319831367


Readers are able to give us their valuable feedbacks here. The comments will be reviewed by the editors and then published here. Important Note: The "Comments" related to the Galley Proof PDF must NOT be submitted via this form. Authors should submit their comments on their galley proofs only via system