Background: Children with autism as individuals have a right to receive developmental needs obtained from parent/caregiver during their stay in the family. The family ability can be improved through empowerment training to provide stimulation for the development of children with autism.
Objective: This study aims examine the effect of family empowerment in enhancing the capabilities of children with autism.
Methods: The research design used a two-stage quasi-experiment. The first stage was a training for parent/caregiver of children with autism using modules. Training was done three times in the Autism Service Center (PLA) of Blitar City Indonesia. The second stage was the parent/caregiver provided stimulation to their children at home. There were 33 children selected using total sampling in the PLA of Blitar City on April – August, 2016. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired t-test.
Results: The family ability to stimulate the capability of children with autism in the sense of hearing, vision, motoric, and inviting to play obtained average changes of 61.99%, with average items increased from 18.52 to 30.00. While the increase capabilities of children with autism were categorized into five classification: communication, fulfilling of activity daily living, language-numbers–tactile, psychology, and understanding commands.
Conclusion: There was a significant effect of family empowerment in enhancing the capabilities of children with autism. Thus, training to improve the ability of parent/caregiver in caring children with autism needs to be implemented in a planned and gradually manner.
Copyright (c) 2017 Suprajitno
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Article MetricsAbstract views: 1010 | PDF views: 342 |
Wiyani NA. Buku ajar penanganan anak usia dini berkebutuhan khusus [Early childhood with special needs]. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media; 2014.
Maulana HDJ. Promosi kesehatan [Health promotion]. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC; 2009.
Bahiyatun. Buku ajar asuhan kebidanan nifas normal [textbook of midwifery care in normal postpartum]. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC; 2009.
Suprajitno. Asuhan keperawatan keluarga [Family nursing care]. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC; 2004.
Hasdianah HR. Autis pada anak (Pencegahan, perawatan, dan pengobatan) [Autism in children (Prevention, care, and treatment)]. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika; 2013.
Buckley R, Caple J. The theory and practice of training. London: Kogan Page Publishers; 2009.
Brooks JB. The process of parenting. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar; 2011.
Notoatmodjo S. Promosi kesehatan dan perilaku kesehatan [Health promotion and health behavior]. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2012.
Leahey M. Nurses and Family: A guide to family assessment and intervention. Philadelphia: Davis Co; 1984.
Mugianti S, Suprajitno S. Prediction of mental disorders deprived by family. Jurnal NERS. 2017;9(1):118-125.
Yusuf S. Psikologi perkembangan anak dan remaja [Child and adolescent developmental psychology]. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. 2004.
Handojo Y. Autisma: petunjuk praktis dan pedoman materi untuk mengajar anak normal, autis dan prilaku lain [Autism: Practice and material guidelinefor teaching normal child, child with autism and other behavior]. Jakarta: Bhuana Ilmu Populer; 2003.
Indonesia PR. Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 23 tahun 2002 tentang perlindungan anak [Law of the Republic of Indonesia no 23 year 2002 concerning child protection]. Jakarta: Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan, Republik Indonesia; 2002.
Nurdin AE. Tumbuh kembang perilaku manusia [Growth and development of human behavior]. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC; 2011.
Indonesian State Finance and Development Survelliance Committee. Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 52 tahun 2009 tentang perkembangan kependudukan dan pembangunan keluarga [Law of the Republic of Indonesia no 52 year 2009 concerning family and population development]. Jakarta: President of the Republic of Indonesia; 2009.