nursing students

How to Cite

Sunaryo, S. R. ‘Aisy, Saifullah, A. D., & Mulyani, S. (2020). KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES TOWARD PEOPLE WITH DEMENTIA AMONG NURSING STUDENTS IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA. Belitung Nursing Journal, 6(6), 196–202.
Google Scholar

Link to Google Scholar

Accepted for publication: 2020-11-12
Peer reviewed: Yes

Related articles in

Search Relations - Article by Author(s)

Share this article on:


Background: Nursing students are prepared to deliver care for vulnerable people, including people with dementia. Nursing students tend to have lower levels of knowledge and attitudes toward dementia compared to registered nurses. While there is less evidence that discussed this topic in the Indonesian nursing student's context, it will be necessary to identify an aspect related to knowledge and attitude among students to be considered for improvement in the future.

Objective: This study aimed to identify the knowledge and attitudes toward dementia among nursing students in Indonesia.

Method: This study was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional design. There were 334 nursing students recruited using a total sampling method at Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. Data were collected using the Dementia Knowledge Assessment Scale (DKAS) and Dementia Attitude Scale (DAS). Spearman Rank, Mann Whitney Unpaired, Kruskal-Wallis test, Pearson Correlation, Unpaired t-test, and Unpaired ANOVA were used for data analysis according to the type and the distribution of the data.

Results: The median of the DKAS was 24 (min - max = 7 - 40), and the mean of DAS was 99.60 (SD = 10.25). The variables that were statistically significant correlated to knowledge of dementia were age (r = .332, p < .001), class standing (H = 72.253, p < .001), and experience in taking care of people with dementia (U = 3314, p = .047). Meanwhile, only the age of the students was found to have a statistically significant correlation with attitudes toward dementia (r = 158, p = .004).

Conclusion: In general, among the nursing students, knowledge toward dementia was relatively low, while the attitudes toward dementia were relatively high compared to other research. Age, class standing, and experience in taking care of people with dementia had significant correlations to the knowledge score of the students. Lastly, age also had a significant correlation with the attitude score of the students.


Copyright (c) 2020 Salsabilla Rohadatul ‘Aisy Sunaryo, Azam David Saifullah, Sri Mulyani

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Article Metrics

Total views 3370 [Abstract: 1919 | PDF: 1451 ]


Download data is not yet available.

PlumX Metrics


Ahmad Basri, M. A. F., Subramaniam, P., Ghazali, S. E., & Singh, D. K. A. (2017). A review of knowledge and attitudes towards dementia among college and university students. Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research, 11(11).

Alzheimer Association. (2015). Behaviors: How to respond when dementia causes unpredictable behaviors. Retrieved from

Alzheimer Association. (2019). Alzheimer’s stages & symptoms. Retrieved from

Alzheimer Australia vic. (2010). Perceptions of dementia in ethnic communities. Retrieved from

Anissa, L. M., Suryani, S., & Mirwanti, R. (2018). Tingkat kecemasan mahasiswa keperawatan dalam menghadapi ujian berbasis computer based test [The level of anxiety among nursing students on computer-based test]. MEDISAINS, 16(2), 67-75.

Annear, M. J., Toye, C. M., Eccleston, C. E., McInerney, F. J., Elliott, K. E. J., Tranter, B. K., . . . Robinson, A. L. (2015). Dementia knowledge assessment scale: Development and preliminary psychometric properties. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 63(11), 2375-2381.

Beaton, D. E., Bombardier, C., Guillemin, F., & Ferraz, M. B. (2000). Guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures. Spine, 25(24), 3186-3191.

Bentley, M., Kerr, R., & Ginger, M. (2018). Dementia Care Training and Education Program (DCTEP) project. Retrieved from Hobart:

Blaser, R., & Berset, J. (2019). Setting matters: Associations of nurses’ attitudes towards people with dementia. Nursing Open, 6(1), 155-161.

Dahlan, M. S. (2014). Statistik untuk kedokteran dan kesehatan [Statistic for medicine and health]. Jakarta, Indonesia: Penerbit Salemba.

Dementia Australia. (2017). People with dementia and carers feel socially disconnected, survey finds. Retrieved from

Kimzey, M., Mastel-Smith, B., & Alfred, D. (2016). The impact of educational experiences on nursing students' knowledge and attitudes toward people with Alzheimer's disease: A mixed method study. Nurse Education Today, 46, 57-63.

Krishnamoorthy, A., & Anderson, D. (2011). Managing challenging behaviour in older adults with dementia. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry, 15(3), 20-26.

McCurry, S. M., Gibbons, L. E., Logsdon, R. G., Vitiello, M. V., & Teri, L. (2009). Insomnia in caregivers of persons with dementia: Who is at risk and what can be done about it? Sleep Medicine Clinics, 4(4), 519-526.

Mulyani, S., Artanti, E., & Saifullah, A. (2019). Knowledge and attitudes towards people with dementia among general population in Yogyakarta. Advances in Health Sciences Research, 15, 230-235.

National Health Service. (2017). About dementia. Retrieved from

Nolan, L., McCarron, M., McCallion, P., & Murphy-Lawless, J. (2006). Perceptions of stigma in dementia: An exploratory study. Ireland: Alzheimer Society of Ireland.

Notoatmodjo, P. D. S. (2012). Metodologi penelitian kesehatan [Health research methodology]. Jakarta, Indonesia: Rineka Cipta.

O'Connor, M. L., & McFadden, S. H. (2010). Development and psychometric validation of the dementia attitudes scale. International Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 2010.

Poreddi, V., Carpenter, B. D., Gandhi, S., Chandra, R., & GandhiSuresh BadaMath, S. (2015). Knowledge and attitudes of undergraduate nursing students toward dementia: An Indian perspective. Investigación y educación en enfermería, 33(3), 519-528.

Prince, M., Guerchet, M., & Prina, M. (2015). The epidemiology and impact of dementia: Current state and future trends (Vol. 1). Geneva: World Health Organization.

Republika Online. (2017). 1,2 juta orang indonesia diperkirakan idap demensia [1.2 million Indonesian is estimated affected with dementia]. Retrieved from

Scerri, A., & Scerri, C. (2013). Nursing students' knowledge and attitudes towards dementia—a questionnaire survey. Nurse Education Today, 33(9), 962-968.

Schelp, A. O., Nieri, A. B., Hamamoto Filho, P. T., Bales, A. M., & Mendes-Chiloff, C. L. (2008). Public awareness of dementia: A study in Botucatu, a medium-sized city in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Dementia & Neuropsychologia, 2(3), 192-196.

Shanahan, N., Orrell, M., Schepers, A. K., & Spector, A. (2013). The development and evaluation of the DK-20: A knowledge of dementia measure. International Psychogeriatrics, 25(11), 1899-1907.

Shin, J. H., Seo, H.-J., Kim, K. H., Kim, K.-H., & Lee, Y. (2015). Knowledge about dementia in South Korean nursing students: A cross-sectional survey. BMC Nursing, 14(1), 67.

Smyth, W., Fielding, E., Beattie, E., Gardner, A., Moyle, W., Franklin, S., . . . MacAndrew, M. (2013). A survey-based study of knowledge of Alzheimer’s disease among health care staff. BMC Geriatrics, 13(1), 2.

Tarawneh, R., & Holtzman, D. M. (2012). The clinical problem of symptomatic Alzheimer disease and mild cognitive impairment. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 2(5), a006148.

Uligraff, D. K. (2019). Utilizing poetry to enhance student nurses’ reflective skills: A literature review. Belitung Nursing Journal, 5(1), 3-8.

Ursachi, G., Horodnic, I. A., & Zait, A. (2015). How reliable are measurement scales? External factors with indirect influence on reliability estimators. Procedia Economics and Finance, 20, 679-686.

World Health Organization. (2017). Dementia. Retrieved from

Readers are able to give us their valuable feedbacks here. The comments will be reviewed by the editors and then published here. Important Note: The "Comments" related to the Galley Proof PDF must NOT be submitted via this form. Authors should submit their comments on their galley proofs only via system