The role of academic procrastination on Internet addiction among Thai university students: A cross-sectional study
PDF
XML

Keywords

internet addiction disorders
procrastination
students
Internet use
Thailand

How to Cite

Nadarajan, S., Hengudomsub, P., & Wacharasin, C. (2023). The role of academic procrastination on Internet addiction among Thai university students: A cross-sectional study. Belitung Nursing Journal, 9(4), 384–390. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.2755
Crossref
Scopus
Google Scholar

Link to Google Scholar

Accepted for publication: 2023-08-05
Peer reviewed: Yes

Related articles in


Search Relations - Article by Author(s)

Abstract

Background: The internet has become an inevitable tool for information-seeking and communication in today’s modern era. However, ironically it has driven humankind to become more dependent, leading to addiction. Internet addiction has increased exponentially at all levels of society, especially university students, impeding their physical, psychological, and social well-being.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the relationship between academic procrastination and internet addiction and determine the influence of academic procrastination on internet addiction among Thai university students.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 470 participants selected through multi-stage cluster random sampling from a university in eastern Thailand. The data collection was conducted between 29 November 2022 and 27 January 2023. The data were gathered using a demographic data form, an internet addiction test, and a procrastination assessment scale for the students’ questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and simple linear regression were employed for data analysis.

Results: The results revealed that academic procrastination (M = 49.68, SD = 12.61) and internet addiction (M = 65.26, SD = 5.60) were at a moderate level. A positive correlation was identified between academic procrastination and internet addiction (r = 0.33, p <0.01), indicating a low relationship. Academic procrastination also had a significant predictive power on internet addiction, accounting for 11.3% of the variance (R2 adjusted = 0.113, F (1, 468) = 59.583, p <0.001).

Conclusion: The findings indicated the significant role of academic procrastination on internet addiction. Therefore, it is crucial that nurses should formulate interventions by considering this factor and emphasize self-regulatory and time-management skills and practical ways to limit internet dependence. Furthermore, the findings suggest that nurses could assess the procrastination level among students, devise prevention strategies, and organize awareness campaigns to instill information about rational internet use that aids in mitigating the risks and preventing them from getting addicted.

https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.2755
PDF
XML

Copyright

Copyright (c) 2023 Sivasankari Nadarajan, Pornpat Hengudomsub, Chintana Wacharasin

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Article Metrics



Total views 98 [Abstract: 46 | PDF: 50 | XML: 2 ]

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

PlumX Metrics

Declaration of Conflicting Interest

The authors declared no potential conflict of interest in this study.

Acknowledgment

The authors expressed heartfelt gratitude to the participants for their involvement in this study.

Authors’ Contributions

All the authors have made substantial contributions to the conceptualization, data acquisition, and interpretation of data. All the authors drafted and critically revised the manuscript for intellectual content, read and approved the final version to be submitted, and agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work and questions subject to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately addressed.

Data Availability

The dataset generated during and analyzed during the current study is available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

Declaration of Use of AI in Scientific Writing

Nothing to declare.


References

Agoukei, R. C., Ogudu, G. N., & Emmanuel, S. O. (2019). Perceived influence of some personological factors on entrepreneurial intentions among graduates with Nysc in Ondo State, Nigeria. Research and Innovation for National Development (RIND), 3(4&5), 57-66.

Anierobi, E. I., Etodike, C. E., & Uzochukwu, N. (2021). Social media addiction as correlates of academic procrastination and achievement among undergraduates of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 10(3), 20-33.

Aznar-Díaz, I., Romero-Rodríguez, J.-M., García-González, A., & Ramírez-Montoya, M.-S. (2020). Mexican and Spanish university students’ Internet addiction and academic procrastination: Correlation and potential factors. PloS One, 15(5), e0233655. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233655

Balhara, Y. P. S., Mahapatra, A., Sharma, P., & Bhargava, R. (2018). Problematic internet use among students in South-East Asia: Current state of evidence. Indian Journal of Public Health, 62(3), 197-210. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_288_17

Balkis, M., & Duru, E. (2009). Prevalence of academic procrastination behavior among pre-service teachers, and its relationship with demographics and individual preferences. Journal of Theory & Practice in Education (JTPE), 5(1), 18-32å.

Brislin, R. W. (1986). The wording and translation of research instruments. In W. J. Lonner & J. W. Berry (Eds.), Field methods in cross-cultural research (pp. 137-164). Sage Publications, Inc.

Cerit, H. (2019). Examining the relationship between high school students’ style of coping with stress and academic procrastination and general procrastination levels [Master Thesis, Marmara University]. Turkey.

Chaturvedi, K., Vishwakarma, D. K., & Singh, N. (2021). COVID-19 and its impact on education, social life and mental health of students: A survey. Children and Youth Services Review, 121, 105866. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105866

Davis, R. A. (2001). A cognitive-behavioral model of pathological Internet use. Computers in Human Behavior, 17(2), 187-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0747-5632(00)00041-8

Geng, J., Han, L., Gao, F., Jou, M., & Huang, C.-C. (2018). Internet addiction and procrastination among Chinese young adults: A moderated mediation model. Computers in Human Behavior, 84, 320-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.03.013

Ghaffari, F., Mohammadi, S., Arazi, T., Arzani, A., & Rahimaghaee, F. (2021). Shedding light on the causes of academic procrastination among nursing students: A qualitative descriptive study. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 10(1), 181. https://doi.org/10.4103%2Fjehp.jehp_1103_20

Ghamari, F., Mohammadbeigi, A., Mohammadsalehi, N., & Hashiani, A. A. (2011). Internet addiction and modeling its risk factors in medical students, Iran. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 33(2), 158-162. https://doi.org/10.4103/0253-7176.92068

Golestani Bakht, T., & Shokri, M. (2013). Relationship between academic procrastination with meta cognitive beliefs. Social Cognition, 2(1), 89-100. https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.23223782.1392.2.1.8.7

Habibi, N., Hariastuti, R., & Rusijono, R. (2021, 2022). High school students’ self-regulated learning and academic procrastination level in blended learning model: A correlation analysis. The Eighth Southeast Asia Design Research (SEA-DR) & the Second Science, Technology, Education, Arts, Culture, and Humanity (STEACH) International Conference (SEADR-STEACH 2021), Surabaya, Indonesia.

Hajiazizi, A., & Ho, R. (2015). The relationship between self-compassion and academic procrastination being mediated by shame and anxiety. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, Forthcoming, 9(1), 13-23. https://ssrn.com/abstract=2703405

Hayat, A. A., Kojuri, J., & Mitra Amini, M. D. (2020). Academic procrastination of medical students: The role of Internet addiction. Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism, 8(2), 83-89. https://doi.org/10.30476%2FJAMP.2020.85000.1159

Jahan, I., Hosen, I., Al Mamun, F., Kaggwa, M. M., Griffiths, M. D., & Mamun, M. A. (2021). How has the COVID-19 pandemic impacted internet use behaviors and facilitated problematic internet use? A Bangladeshi study. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 14, 1127-1138. https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S323570

Janta, J., Jaikam, J., Atipornpanich, O., & Luadlai, S. (2019). The influences of parental academic involvement on procrastination behavior among Thai adolescents in Bangkok metropolitan area. PSAKU International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 8(2), 52-69. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3546426

Kachgal, M. M., Hansen, L. S., & Nutter, K. J. (2001). Academic procrastination prevention/intervention: Strategies and recommendations. Journal of Developmental Education, 25(1), 14-24.

Kandemir, M. (2014). Predictors of academic procrastination: Coping with stress, internet addiction and academic motivation. World Applied Sciences Journal, 32(5), 930-938.

Kemp, S. (2021). Digital 2021 October global statshot report. https://datareportal.com/reports/digital-2021-october-global-statshot

Kim, J., Hong, H., Lee, J., & Hyun, M.-H. (2017). Effects of time perspective and self-control on procrastination and Internet addiction. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 6(2), 229-236. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.6.2017.017

Kindt, S., Szász-Janocha, C., Rehbein, F., & Lindenberg, K. (2019). School-related risk factors of internet use disorders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(24), 4938. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16244938

Klassen, R. M., Krawchuk, L. L., & Rajani, S. (2008). Academic procrastination of undergraduates: Low self-efficacy to self-regulate predicts higher levels of procrastination. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 33(4), 915-931. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2007.07.001

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30(3), 607-610. https://doi.org/10.1177/001316447003000308

Latipah, E., Adi, H. C., & Insani, F. D. (2021). Academic procrastination of high school students during the Covid-19 pandemic: Review from self-regulated learning and the intensity of social media. Dinamika Ilmu, 21(2), 293-308. https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v21i2.3444

Lee, S. Y., & Hall, N. C. (2020). Understanding procrastination in first-year undergraduates: An application of attribution theory. Social Sciences, 9(8), 136. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci9080136

Lian, S. L., Feng, Q. S., Yan, J. L., & Zhang, Y. H. (2021). Mobile phone addiction, irrational procrastination and depression and anxiety: The protective role of positive thinking. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 29, 51-55. https://doi.org/10.16128/j.cnki.1005-3611.2021.01.010

Lim, A. J., & Javadpour, S. (2021). Into the unknown: Uncertainty and procrastination in students from a life history perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 3541. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.717380

Liu, G., Teng, X., Fu, Y., & Lian, Q. (2022a). Perfectionistic concerns and mobile phone addiction of Chinese college students: The moderated mediation of academic procrastination and causality orientations. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, 798776. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.798776

Liu, S., Xu, B., Zhang, D., Tian, Y., & Wu, X. (2022b). Core symptoms and symptom relationships of problematic internet use across early, middle, and late adolescence: A network analysis. Computers in Human Behavior, 128, 107090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.107090

Malyshev, I., & Arkhipenko, I. (2019). Interrelation between procrastination and Internet addiction in high school students in the context of risks of modern education. SHS Web of Conferences, 70, 08030. https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20197008030

Milková, E., Kaliba, M., & Ambrozova, P. (2022). Internet addiction in university students–Czech study. Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, 15(2), 94-102. https://doi.org/10.7160/eriesj.2022.150204

Moonaghi, H. K., & Beydokhti, T. B. (2017). Academic procrastination and its characteristics: A narrative review. Future of Medical Education Journal, 7(2), 43-50.

Neelapaijit, A., Pinyopornpanish, M., Simcharoen, S., Kuntawong, P., Wongpakaran, N., & Wongpakaran, T. (2018). Psychometric properties of a Thai version internet addiction test. BMC Research Notes, 11(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3187-y

Nwosu, K. C., Ikwuka, d. O. I., Onyinyechi, M. U., & Unachukwu, G. C. (2020). Does the association of social media use with problematic internet behaviours predict undergraduate students’ academic procrastination? Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 46(1), 1-20.

Osborn, T. L., Venturo-Conerly, K. E., Wasil, A. R., Schleider, J. L., & Weisz, J. R. (2020). Depression and anxiety symptoms, social support, and demographic factors among Kenyan high school students. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 29, 1432-1443. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01646-8

Park, T. (2012). Dark side of social media; The new drug for new generation, are they addicted. 1st Mae Fah Luang University International Conference 2012, Thailand.

Peixoto, E. M., Pallini, A. C., Vallerand, R. J., Rahimi, S., & Silva, M. V. (2021). The role of passion for studies on academic procrastination and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Social Psychology of Education, 24(3), 877-893. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11218-021-09636-9

Prasetyanto, D., Rizki, M., & Sunitiyoso, Y. (2022). Online learning participation intention after COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia: Do students still make trips for online class? Sustainability, 14(4), 1982. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14041982

Pychyl, T. A., Morin, R. W., & Salmon, B. R. (2000). Procrastination and the planning fallacy: An examination of the study habits of university students. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 15(5), 135-150.

Quinn, W. (2019). Academic procrastination: The role of stress, self-esteem, self-efficacy, age and gender on undergraduate students [Thesis, Dublin Business School]. Ireland. https://esource.dbs.ie/handle/10788/3874

Ratsameemonthon, L. (2015). Understanding and managing procrastination among Thai college students. Hatyai Journal, 13(1), 75-83.

Ravanipour, M., Bahreini, M., & Ravanipour, M. (2015). Exploring nursing students’ experience of peer learning in clinical practice. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 4, 46. https://doi.org/10.4103%2F2277-9531.157233

Ryding, F. C., & Kaye, L. K. (2018). “Internet addiction”: A conceptual minefield. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 16(1), 225-232. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-017-9811-6

Sabry Abd El-Salam, A. I., Metwally, F. G., & Abdeen, M. A. (2022). Academic procrastination and self-control of faculty nursing students. Zagazig Nursing Journal, 18(2), 15-29.

Setiyowati, A. J., Triyono, T., Rachmawati, I., & Hidayati, N. (2020). Academic procrastination of high school students in East Java. PSIKOPEDAGOGIA Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 9(1), 46-52. https://doi.org/10.12928/psikopedagogia.v9i1.17907

Shaw, M., & Black, D. W. (2008). Internet addiction: Definition, assessment, epidemiology and clinical managemen. CNS Drugs, 22, 353-365. https://doi.org/10.2165/00023210-200822050-00001

Solomon, L. J., & Rothblum, E. D. (1984). Academic procrastination: Frequency and cognitive-behavioral correlates. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31(4), 503-509. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.31.4.503

Steel, P. (2007). The nature of procrastination: A meta-analytic and theoretical review of quintessential self-regulatory failure. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 65-94. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.65

Svartdal, F., Dahl, T. I., Gamst-Klaussen, T., Koppenborg, M., & Klingsieck, K. B. (2020). How study environments foster academic procrastination: Overview and recommendations. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 540910. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.540910

Tan, S.-h., & Guo, Y.-y. (2008). Revision of self-control scale for Chinese college students. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 16(5), 468–470.

Teyfur, M., Akpunar, B., Safali, S., & Ercengiz, M. (2017). An examination of the relationship between academic procrastination behavior and social media dependency of the faculty of education students in terms of different variables. Journal of Turkish Studies, 12(33), 625-640.

Tras, Z., & Gökçen, G. (2020). Academic procrastination and social anxiety as predictive variables Internet addiction of adolescents. International Education Studies, 13(9), 23-35.

Turnbull, N., Peltzer, K., Pengpid, S., Low, W. Y., Huu, T. N., Rochmawati, E., & Win, H. H. (2018). Pathological Internet use and psychosocial risk factors among ASEAN university students. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 12(1), e10063. https://doi.org/10.5812/ijpbs.10063

Uzun, A. M., Unal, E., & Tokel, S. T. (2014). Exploring Internet addiction academic procrastination and general procrastination among Pre Service ICT teachers. Mevlana Intenational Journal of Education, 4(1), 189-201.

Vacek, J., & Vondrackova, P. (2014). Behavioural addictions: Classification, phenomenology, prevalence and therapy. Česká a Slovenská Psychiatrie, 110(3), 144-150.

Weinstein, A., & Lejoyeux, M. (2010). Internet addiction or excessive internet use. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 36(5), 277-283. https://doi.org/10.3109/00952990.2010.491880

Yang, Z., Asbury, K., & Griffiths, M. D. (2019). An exploration of problematic smartphone use among Chinese university students: Associations with academic anxiety, academic procrastination, self-regulation and subjective wellbeing. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 17, 596-614. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-018-9961-1

Young, K. S. (1998). Internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 1(3), 237-244. https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.1998.1.237

Zhang, X., Chen, K., Wang, M., & Chen, C. (2022). The relationship between academic procrastination and internet addiction in college students: The multiple mediating effects of intrusive thinking and depression-anxiety-stress. Psychology, 13(4), 591-606. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2022.134040

Zou, Z., Wang, H., d’Oleire Uquillas, F., Wang, X., Ding, J., & Chen, H. (2017). Definition of substance and non-substance addiction. In X. Zhang, J. Shi, & R. Tao (Eds.), Substance and non-substance addiction (pp. 21-41). Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5562-1_2


Readers are able to give us their valuable feedbacks here. The comments will be reviewed by the editors and then published here. Important Note: The "Comments" related to the Galley Proof PDF must NOT be submitted via this form. Authors should submit their comments on their galley proofs only via system