EFFECTIVENESS OF LAVENDER AROMATHERAPY AND CLASSICAL MUSIC THERAPY IN LOWERING BLOOD PRESSURE IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH HYPERTENSION
PDF

Keywords

lavender aromatherapy
Mozart classic music
blood pressure
pregnant women

How to Cite

Maisi, S., Suryono, S., Widyawati, M. N., Suwondo, A., & Kusworowulan, S. (2017). EFFECTIVENESS OF LAVENDER AROMATHERAPY AND CLASSICAL MUSIC THERAPY IN LOWERING BLOOD PRESSURE IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH HYPERTENSION. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(6), 750–756. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.301
Share |

Abstract

Background: Hypertension during pregnancy remains high in Indonesia. It is a major cause of maternal death. Aromatherapy lavender and classical music therapy are considered effective in lowering blood pressure in hypertension.

Objective: To examine the effect of lavender aromatherapy and classical music therapy in lowering blood pressure in pregnant women with hypertension.

Methods: A quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design. There were 52 pregnant women selected using simple random sampling, divided into lavender aromatherapy group, classical music group, combination of aromatherapy and music group, and control group. Sphygmomanometer was used to measure blood pressure. Mann Whitney and Post Hoc test were used for data analysis.

Results: Results showed that four groups had a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure after given intervention with p-value <0.05. The mean decrease of systolic blood pressure among four groups was: lavender group (5.77 mmHg), music group (7.23 mmHg), combination group (9.54 mmHg), and control group (3.67 mmHg); and the mean decrease of diastolic blood pressure was: the lavender group (2.77 mmHg), music group (0.61 mmHg), combination group (8.23 mmHg), and control group (3.42 mmHg).

Conclusion: There was a significant effect of lavender aromatherapy and classical music therapy in lowering blood pressure in pregnant women with hypertension. However, the combination of both interventions was more effective than lavender aromatherapy or music therapy alone.

https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.301
PDF

Supporting Agencies

Postgraduate Midwifery Program, Semarang Health Polytechnic, Central Java, Indonesia

Copyright

Copyright (c) 2017 Sri Maisi, Suryono, Melyana Nurul Widyawati, Ari Suwondo, Suryati Kusworowulan

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 5249 | PDF views: 1431

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

PlumX Metrics


References

Show | Hide

Apryanti, Y. P., Suhartono, S., & Ngadiyono, N. (2017). The impact of lavender aromatherapy on pain intensity and beta-endorphin levels in post-caesarean mothers. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(5), 487-495.

Astuti, A., Suryono, S., Widyawati, M. N., Suwondo, A., & Mardiyono, M. (2017). Effect of audio therapy using Al-Qur'an murrotal on behavior development in children with autism. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(5), 470-477.

Campbell, D. G. (2001). Efek mozart. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Chang, M. Y., Chen, C. H., & Huang, K. F. (2008). Effects of music therapy on psychological health of women during pregnancy. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(19), 2580-2587.

Chen, X. K., Wen, S. W., Smith, G., Yang, Q., & Walker, M. (2006). General obstetrics: Pregnancy‐induced hypertension is associated with lower infant mortality in preterm singletons. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 113(5), 544-551.

Dinkes. (2014). Health profile in Semarang. Retrieved 25 October, 2016, from http://dinkes.semarang kota.go.id/

Gouk, P. (2017). Musical healing in cultural contexts. Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge.

Hwang, J. H. (2006). The effects of the inhalation method using essential oils on blood pressure and stress responses of clients with essential hypertension. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 36(7), 1123-1134.

Karo, H. Y. K., Pramono, N., Wahyuni, S., Mashoedi, I. D., & Latifah, L. (2017). Lavender (lavandula angustifolia) aromatherapy as an alternative treatment in reducing pain in primiparous mothers in the active first stage of labor. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(4), 420-425.

Merritt, S. (2003). Simfoni otak: 39 aktivitas musik yang merangsang IQ, EQ, SQ, untuk membangkitkan kreativitas & imajinasi [Brain symphony: 39 music activities that stimulate IQ, EQ, SQ to increase creativity & imagination]. Bandung: Kaifa.

MOH. (2014). Health profile of Indonesia 2014. Jakarta: Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Prawirohardjo, S. (2010). Ilmu kebidanan [Midwifery science] (IV ed.). Jakarta: Tridasa Printer.

Sarayar, C., Mulyadi, N., & Palandeng, H. (2013). Pengaruh musik klasik terhadap penurunan tekanan darah pada pasien pra-hemodialisis di Ruang Dahlia BLU RSUP. Prof. Dr. Rd Kandou Manado [Effect of classical music in lowering blood pressure in pre-hemodyalisis patients in Ruang Dahlia BLU RSUP. Prof. Dr. Rd Kandou Manado]. Jurnal keperawatan, 1(1), 1-7.

Sharma, S. (2009). Aromatherapy. Tangerang: Karisma Publishing Group.

Suviani, N. W., Artana, I. W., & Putra, P. W. K. (2014). Pengaruh pemberian aroma terapi lavender (lavandula angustifolia) terhadap penurunan hipertensi pada lansia di Desa Cemagi, Kecamatan Mengwi, Kabupaten Badung [Effect of lavender aromatherapy (lavandula angustifolia) in decreasing hypertension in elderly at Cemagi Village, Mengwi District, Badung Regency]. Jurnal Dunia Kesehatan, 3(1), 31-35.

WHO, & UN Partners,. (2015). Country statistics and global health estimates. from http://www.who.int/gho/countries/idn.pdf?ua=1

Yusuf, N., Hadisaputro, S., Runjati, R., Suwondo, A., Mashoedi, I. D., & Supriyana, S. (2017). The effectiveness of combination of kangaroo mother care method and lullaby music therapy on vital sign change in infants with low birth weight. Belitung Nursing Journal, 3(4), 352-359.