Sund B. New developments in wound care. London: PJB Publications; 2000;
Gauglitz GG, Korting HC, Pavicic T, et al. Hypertrophic scarring and keloids: pathomechanisms and current and emerging treatment strategies. Molecular Medicine. 2011;17(1-2):113-125.
Bloemen, Ulrich, Zuijlen V, et al. Prevention and curative management of hypertrophic scar formation. Burns. 2009;35: 436-475.
Baker R, Baiarda FU, Linge C, et al. Review Article Cutaneous scarring: A clinical review. Dermatology Research and Practice, 2009; 7.
Dunkin C, Pleat J, Gillespie P, et al. Scarring occurs at a critical depth of skin injury: precise measurement in a graduated dermal scratch in human volunteer. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2012;(119):1722-1732.
Monstrey S, Middelkoop E, Vranckx JJ, et al. Updated scar management practical guidelines: Non-invasive and invasive measures. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery. 2014; 67:1017.
Van Loey N, Bremer M, Faber A, et al. Itching following burns: epidemiology and predictors. British Journal of Dermatology. 2008;158: 95-100.
Wolfram D, Tzakonvand A, Katzer HP. Hypertrophic scars and keloids review of their pathophysiology, risk factors, and therapeutic management. Dermatology Surgery. 2009.35:171–181.
Chuangsuwanich A, Jongjamfa K. The efficacy of combined herbal extracts gel preparation in the prevention of postsurgical hypertrophic scar formation. Dermatologic Therapy (Heidelb).2014;4: 187–195.
Brown J, Ollier W, Thomson W, et al. Positive association of HLA-DRB1*15 with keloid disease in Caucasians. International Journal of Immunogenetics. 2008;35: 303–307.
Aarabi S, Longaker MT, Gurtner GC. Hypertrophic scar formation following burns and trauma: New approaches to treatment. PLoS Medicine.2007;4(9): e234.
Mutalik S. Treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology. 2005; 71(1):3-8.
Perdanasari AT, Lazzeri D, Su W, et al. Recent developments in the use of intralesional injections keloid treatment. Archives of Plastic Surgery. 2014; 41(6):620–629.
Broughton G, Rohrich RJ. Wound and scar. Selected Reading in Plastic Surgery. 2005;10(7):1-56.
Brown J, Bayat A. Genetic susceptibilityto raised dermal scarring. British Journal of Dermatol. 2009;161: 8–18.
Jucket G, Adam HH. Management of keloids and hypertrophic scars. American Family Physician. 2009; 80(3):253-260.
Al-Mubarak L, Al-Haddab M. cutaneous wound closure materials: an overview and update. Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery. 2013;6(4):178–188.
Wein R. Preoperative smoking cessation: impact on perioperative and long-term complications. Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. 2009; 135:597–601.
Zimmer T. Treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids and the role of the nurse practitioner. Washington State University- Spokane, 2011:1-17.
Storch, Jill E. Reconstructive plastic surgical nursing: clinical management & wound care. Victoria: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2005.
Medical Record. Medical record of regional public hospital of dr. Slamet of Garut. Garut; 2015.
Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. Basic health research. Jakarta: Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia; 2007.
Polit DF, Beck CT. Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
Singer AJAB, Dagum A, Valentine S, Hollander JE. Development and validation of a novel scar evaluation scale. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2007;120: 1892–1897.
Chenyu, Murphy, George, Satoshi, Rei. Keloids and hypertrophic scars: update and future directions. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2013;1(4): e25.
Shih B, Bayat A. Genetics of keloid scarring. Archives of Dermatology Research. 2010; 302:319-339.
Halim AS, Emami A, Salahshourifar I, et al. Keloid Scarring: Understanding the Genetic Basis, Advances, and Prospects. Archives of Plastic Surgery. 2012;39(3):184–189.
Son D, Harijan A. Overview of surgical scar prevention and management. Journal of Korean Medical Science. 2014;29(6): 751–757
Bitar GJ, Patel P, Craig L. Scar management. Aesthetic Medicine. 2011:277-288.
Enoch S, Leaper DJ. Basic science of wound healing. Surgery. 2005; 23(2):37-42.
Durkaya, tanoglu, Nadir, Yilmaz, Cinar, Dogan. Do absorbable sutures exacerbate presternal scarring? Texas Heart Institute Journal. 2005; 32:544-8.
Holzheimer. Adverse events of suture: possible interaction of biomaterial? European Journal of Medical Research. 2005; 10: 521-526.
Li-Tsang CW1, Lau JC, Chan CC. Prevalence of hypertrophic scar formation and its characteristics among the Chinese population. Burns. 2005;31(5):610-620.
Demetrius. Miminas. Ageing and its influence on wound healing. Wounds UK. 2007;3(1):5-20.
Delavary BM, Veer WMVD, Ferreira JA, etal. Formation of hypertrophic scars: Evolution and susceptibility. Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery. 2012; 46:95–101.
Deliaert AEK, Kerckhove EVd, S T, Hul RRWJvd. Smoking and its effect on scar healing. European Journal of Plastic Surgery. 2012;3: 421–442.
Rayner R. Effects of Cigarette Smoking on Cutaneous Wound Healing. Primary Intention. 2006; 14(3):100-102.
Kudur MH, Pai SB, Sripathi H, Prabhu S. Sutures and suturing techniques in skin closure. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology. 2009;75: 425-34.
Chellamani KP, Veerasubramanian D, Balaji RV. Surgical Sutures: An overview. Journal of Academia and Industrial Research.2013;1(12):778-782.
Tejani C, Sivitz AB, Rosen MD, et al. A comparison of cosmetic outcomes of lacerations on the extremities and trunk using absorbable versus nonabsorbable sutures. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2014; 21(6):637-43.