BREASTFEEDING EXPERIENCES OF WORKING MOTHERS IN VIETNAM

Nguyen Thi Truong Xuan, Nhan Thi Nguyen


DOI: https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.454

Abstract


Background: World Health Organization recommends mothers all over the world should continue breastfeeding up to the age of two years or beyond to achieve optimal health, growth and development for their infants. However, the breastfeeding practices among working mothers have been decreased by the time passed.

Objective: to describe the breastfeeding experiences of mothers who returned to work after childbirth.

Methods: This study was utilized a qualitative design. Purposive sampling was used to recruit the participant who met the inclusion criteria. Data were collected from 10 semi-structured in-depth interviews. All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The interview transcriptions were analyzed by using the qualitative content analysis approach.

Results: The breastfeeding period of 10 working mothers ranging from 7 to 15 months. Five categories emerged from the data were: 1) Attitude towards breastfeeding, 2) Breastfeeding support during working, 3) Strategic plan for breastfeeding, 4) Psychological distress, and 5) A need for support facilities and resources for breastfeeding during working.

Conclusion: This research provided a better understanding of breastfeeding experiences of working mothers in Vietnam. The findings can help nurses and other healthcare professionals in providing anticipatory guidance to mothers who plan to continue breastfeeding after returning to work.


Keywords


breastfeeding experience; working women; Vietnam

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alhabas, M. S. (2016). Breastfeeding among working mothers in Saudi Arabia. South Carolina: University of South Carolina.

Asfaw, M. M., Argaw, M. D., & Kefene, Z. K. (2015). Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practices in Debre Berhan District, Central Ethiopia: a cross sectional community based study. International Breastfeeding Journal, 10(1), 23.

Babita, N. K., Singh, M., Malik, J. S., & Kalhan, M. (2014). Breastfeeding reduces breast cancer risk: A case-control study in north India. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5(6), 791.

Ballard, O., & Morrow, A. L. (2013). Human milk composition: nutrients and bioactive factors. Pediatric Clinics, 60(1), 49-74.

Carvalhaes, M. A. d. B. L., Parada, C. M. G. d. L., & Costa, M. P. d. (2007). Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in children under four months old in Botucatu-SP, Brazil. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 15(1), 62-69.

Chien, L. Y., & Tai, C. J. (2007). Effect of delivery method and timing of breastfeeding initiation on breastfeeding outcomes in Taiwan. Birth, 34(2), 123-130.

Chung, S.-H., Kim, H.-R., Choi, Y.-S., & Bae, C.-W. (2013). Trends of breastfeeding rate in Korea (1994-2012): comparison with OECD and other countries. Journal of Korean Medical Science, 28(11), 1573-1580.

Dan, M. (2018). Tỷ lệ lao động nữ tại Việt Nam thuộc nhóm cao nhất thế giới [The percentage of female workers in Vietnam is the highest in the world]. Retrieved from http://thoibao taichinh vietnam.vn/pages/xa-hoi/2018-01-23/ty-le-lao-dong-nu-tai-viet-nam-thuoc-nhom-cao-nhat-the-gioi-52996.aspx

Dieterich, C. M., Felice, J. P., O’Sullivan, E., & Rasmussen, K. M. (2013). Breastfeeding and health outcomes for the mother-infant dyad. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 60(1), 31.

Hjälmhult, E., & Lomborg, K. (2012). Managing the first period at home with a newborn: A grounded theory study of mothers’ experiences. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 26(4), 654-662.

Imdad, A., Yakoob, M. Y., & Bhutta, Z. A. (2011). Effect of breastfeeding promotion interventions on breastfeeding rates, with special focus on developing countries. BMC Public Health, 11(3), S24.

Jessri, M., Farmer, A. P., & Olson, K. (2013). Exploring Middle‐Eastern mothers’ perceptions and experiences of breastfeeding in Canada: An ethnographic study. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 9(1), 41-56.

Jones, J. R., Kogan, M. D., Singh, G. K., Dee, D. L., & Grummer-Strawn, L. M. (2011). Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in the United States. Pediatrics, peds. 2011-0841.

Kramer, M. S., & Kakuma, R. (2012). Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. The Cochrane Library. 2012(8): 10.1002/14651858.CD003517. pub2

Liu, J., Leung, P., & Yang, A. (2013). Breastfeeding and active bonding protects against children’s internalizing behavior problems. Nutrients, 6(1), 76-89.

Maonga, A. R., Mahande, M. J., Damian, D. J., & Msuya, S. E. (2016). Factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding among women in Muheza District Tanga northeastern Tanzania: A mixed method community based study. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 20(1), 77-87.

Marinelli, K. A., Moren, K., Taylor, & The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, J. S. (2013). Breast-feeding support for mothers in workplace employment or educational settings: Summary statement. Breastfeeding Medicine, 8(1), 137-142.

McInnes, R. J., & Chambers, J. A. (2008). Supporting breastfeeding mothers: qualitative synthesis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(4), 407-427.

Phillips, K. F. (2011). First-time breastfeeding mothers: perceptions and lived experiences with breastfeeding. International Journal of Childbirth Education, 26(3).

Rojjanasrirat, W. (2004). Working women’s breastfeeding experiences. MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, 29(4), 222-227.

Saffari, M., Pakpour, A. H., & Chen, H. (2017). Factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding among Iranian mothers: A longitudinal population-based study. Health Promotion Perspectives, 7(1), 34.

Sarasua, I., Clausen, C., & Frunchak, V. (2009). Mothers' experiences with breastfeeding management and support: A quality improvement study. Breastfeeding Review, 17(1), 19.

UNICEF. (2017). Sustain breastfeeding together [cùng nhau duy trì nuôi con bằng sữa mẹ]. Retrieved from http://www.un.org.vn/vi/ unicef-agencypresscenter2-89/4475-world-breastfeeding-week-2017-highlights-the-importance-of-partnerships-to-achieving-health-and-economic-benefits-of-breastfeeding.html

United States Breastfeeding Committee. (2013). Workplace support in federal law. Retrieved from http://www.usbreastfeeding.org/work place-law

Victora, C. G., Bahl, R., Barros, A. J., França, G. V., Horton, S., Krasevec, J., . . . Rollins, N. C. (2016). Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect. The Lancet, 387(10017), 475-490.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Nguyen Thi Truong Xuan, & Nguyen Thi Nhan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.