How to Cite

Artanti, E. R., Nurjannah, I., & Subroto, S. (2018). VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF SHORTENED GENERAL COMFORT QUESTIONNAIRE IN INDONESIAN VERSION. Belitung Nursing Journal, 4(4), 366–372.
Share |


Background: Comfort is one of nurses’ concerns in each of nursing care activity. There are several different instruments to measure patient’s comfort. Tools regarding comfort however, have not been developed and tested in Indonesian.

Objectives:  This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Shortened General Comfort Questionnaire (SGCQ) in Indonesian version.

Methods: SGCQ was translated and back translated to Indonesian before it was used for this study. Three experts (two lecturers and one clinician) were recruited to measure the content validity of SGCQ in Indonesian version. S-CVI and I-CVI analyses were used to measure the content validity of this instrument, and Pearson correlation was used for the construct validity. Content validity of instruments consists of relevance, accuracy, clarity, credibility and equivalency. Reliability analysis of this instrument was performed using Cronbach’s alpha in 71 patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Results: Result show that an I-CVI score was 1, which implies that each item of relevance, accuracy, clarity, credibility, and equivalency was acceptable. In addition, the S-CVI score was also 1, which implies that the validity of this instrument was acceptable. Cronbach’s alpha score was also showed 0.769 means that the SGCQ instrument in the Indonesian language is reliable because the score was in the range of 0.7–0.95.

Conclusion: SGCQ in Indonesian version has acceptable validity and reliability and it can be used to measure patient’s comfort level in Indonesian.

Supporting Agencies

Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia


Copyright (c) 2018 Eria Riski Artanti, Intansari Nurjannah, Subroto3

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 2095 | PDF views: 975


Download data is not yet available.

PlumX Metrics


Al-Jahdali, H., Khogeer, H., Baharoon, S., Tamim, H., Al-Hejeili, F., AlGhamdi, S., & Al-Sayyari, A. (2010). Insomnia in chronic renal patients on dyalisis in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Circadian Rhythms, 8, 1-7.

Asgari, M., Asghari, F., Ghods, A., Ghorbani, R., Motlagh, H., & Rahaei, F. (2017). Incidence and severity of nausea and vomiting in a group of maintenance hemodialysis patients. Journal Renal Injury Preventio, 6(1), 49-55.

Derya, Y., & Pasinlioğlu, T. (2015). The effect of nursing care based on comfort theory on women’s postpartum comfort levels after caesarean sections. International Journal of Nursing Knowledge, 28(3), 138-144.

Emmanuel, A., & Clow, S. (2017). A questionnaire for assessing breastfeeding intentions and practices in Nigeria: Validity, reliability and translation. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 17, 174.

Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS. Retrieved from /default/files/library/elopen/andy-field-discovering-statistics-using-spss-third-edition-20091.pdf

Godwin, M., Pike, A., Bethune, C., Kirby, A., & Pike, A. (2013). Concurrent and convergent validity of the simple lifestyle indicator questionnaire. ISRN Family Medicine, 2013, 529645..

Gonçalves, M., Brandão, M., & Duran, E. (2016). Validation of the defining characteristics of the nursing diagnosis impaired comfort in oncology. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem, 29(1), 115-124.

Kimata, N., Fuller, D., Saito, A., Akizawa, T., Fukuhara, S., Pisono, R., . . . Akibat, A. (2014). Pruritus in hemodialysis patients: Results from the Japanese dialysis outcomes and practice patterns study (JDOPPS). Hemodialysis International, 18, 657-667.

Kolcaba, K. (2003). Theory and practice: A vision for holistic health care and research. Retrieved from - v=onepage&q&f=false

Kolcaba, K., Schirm, V., & Steiner, R. (2006). Effects of hand massage on comfort of nursing home residents. Geriatric Nursing, 27(2), 85-91.

Lynch, P., Abate, M., Suh, H., & Wadhawa, N. (2014). Magnesium and muscle cramps in end stage renal disease patients on chronic hemodialysis. Advances in Nephrology, 1-6.

March, A., & McCormack, D. (2009). Nursing theory-directed healthcare: Modifying Kolcaba's comfort theory as an institution-wide approach. Holisting Nursing Practice, 23(2), 75-80.

Peterson, R. (2013). Meta-analysis of Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Journal of Consumer Research, 21(2), 381-391.

Polit, D., & Beck, C. (2006). The content validity index: are you sure you know what’s being reported? Critique and recommendations. Research in Nursing & Health, 29(5), 489-497.

Tavakol, M., & Dennick, R. (2011). Making sense of Cronbach’s alpha. International Journal of Medical Education, 2, 53-55.

White, C., & McDonnell, H. (2014). Psychosocial distress in patients with end stage kidney disease. Journal of Renal Care, 40(1), 74-81.